What Are The Causes Of The Swing Riots 1830?

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What are the causes of the Swing Riots in 1830? There were many factors influencing the beginning of the Swing riots in Southern England, 1830. It was these political and economic factors that caused the rural workers in the South of England to protest for improved lifestyles, better wages and changes to the political agenda. Economic factors played an important role in triggering the Swing riots. The Swing Riots occurred following a period of depression in Britain, so hunger and oppression was widespread. Fathers could no longer afford to feed their families from the low wages they were paid, and resentment towards employers was high. The Swing Riots presented workers with the opportunity to demand higher wages and many took this opportunity. The industrial revolution was also taking place at this time, and machinery often replaced men on the farms, as it was a more economically efficient way of farming. A government policy of enclosure was implemented, which greatly upset traditional, rural societies. Tenant farmers would now only employ labourers to do short term work on the farms, for jobs such as hedging or ditching. There was now a surplus of labourer due to deflation after the French wars, a population increase alongside a non-agricultural employment decrease, and the development of agricultural machinery. It is easy to see why people protested against this, many men were jobless and unable to feed their families, and the little work there was was sparse and low paid. It was also due to political reasons that people protested during the Swing Riots. The modification of the Poor Law also angered many labourers. Many of the unemployed could no longer claim poor rates angering many people. Also in this period the monarch George IV died, and was succeeded by William IV, who was much more liberal minded. Many of Britain’s political grievances were
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