M.L Bush said that ‘It was interconnected regional rebellions rather than one fluid movement’ because once the rebels had gone back to where they lived dotted across the North of England they would all have to meet up rather than go down to London in one group. Also the rebels outnumbered the King’s army 4:1 when they were confronted at the River Don. Instead of accepting the King’s pardon they should have risked battle once they dispersed they were no longer a threat to Henry. They were the stronger force but they tried to negotiate before they had achieved anything. This is another point towards poor leadership because there was no clear plan in how they were going to get their terms accepted only what terms they wanted.
The title Commander and Chief represents the elected civilian authority over the military that ensures all military forces are subordinate to civil power. The framers of our Constitution understood that a situation could arise where the President may need to use military power without hesitation to defend the nation from foreign attack. They drafted provisions that allowed for immediate defense of the nation from foreign attack but restricted offensive actions to Congressional approval. The precedent of Congressional war powers approval was established by President George Washington in 1793 as described according to Fisher (2012)” President Washington took great care in instructing his military commanders that operations against Indians were to be limited to defensive actions. Any offensive action required congressional authority.
When things came to a crescendo, many leaders came together and secretly created our constitution. Not all the leaders were present however, both Thomas Jefferson and Patrick Henry were not in attendance, both of them being advocates for state rights. As the American people heard of the new laws they felt they were being mistreated and demanded the right to erase federal laws, a policy called nullification. Nullification was harshly shot down by the federal government but people still fought for it, people like John C. Calhoun. However, the government continued to shoot down the idea and so the states began to consider secession.
Oliver Cromwell held many negotiation sessions with King Charles l who characteristically quibbled whilst opening new negotiations with the Scots. King Charles l continually refused to come to any sort of agreement with the opposition and therefore made it virtually impossible for any peace settlement to work. Parliament sent out a delegation to negotiate peace, but Charles was feeling stronger and refused to talk. But there was a peace party within Parliament that was willing to compromise with the king in order to bring the civil war to an end. Both sides were seizing the estates of their enemies to finance the war effort, creating even more political chaos.
This split the town into three different aspects: political, social and religious. Concord claimed control over any even that occurred within its borders resulting in deep political conflict. Before the Revolution was also the time of The Great Awakening, a “spiritual revival that attracted many people back to the church.” This awakening brought forth mostly young individuals searching for reform. Gross states that these conditions brought about “a divided town that was rapidly losing its moral center,” and would significantly influence that town’s response to the Revolution. “Sectional rivalry was a fixture of Concord’s political life” when the colonial conflict first confronted Concord in 1765.
* Define and give an example of separation of powers and checks and balances * Separation of powers- An aspect of the Madisonian Model of government that requires each of the three branched of government to be independent of and to share power with each other so that one cannot control the others. Ex. Executive, Legislative, and Judicial branches of govn’t all separate * Checks and balances- balances power- Important feature of the Constitution which enables each branch of government to constrain the other branched activities in order to prevent any one branch from gaining too much power. * After the American Revolution and under the Articles of Confederation, who started to gain/lose political power? * the wealthy lost power and the low income/farmers
The two steps were Madison’s solution. Step one is to divide the power of government in to three branches; Legislative, Executive, and Judicial. Step two was to give each branch specific powers, and also give each of the three branches the ability to impose some sort of preventative measures on the other. For instance, each Cabinet appointment by the Executive branch needs to be
Engl Composition and Readin Summary Federalist #51 James Madison stated “a will in the community independent of the majority, that is, of the society itself; the other, by comprehending in the society so many separate descriptions of citizens, as will render an unjust combination of a majority of the whole very improbable, if not impracticable.” My paper will attempt to explain the preceding passage, and give a brief description of his involvement in drafting the Constitution. The will of the people is the inclination of the people mainly from the majority. For example many different favorable opportunists came to influence the will of the people from politics, new business e.g. the railroad in the civil war period, becoming a more powerful union as a state.. James Madison made laws that kept the will of the people from being influenced by those
BACON’S REBELLION GINA HARRISON HIST221 I005 SPR 13 PROFESSOR GWENDOLLYN NOBLE 26 May 2013 The occasion of this rebellion, which occurred in 1676, is not easy to recognize but has been determined there were many things that concurred towards it. Bacon’s Rebellion was a riot in the early history of the colony of Jamestown, Virginia; Nathaniel Bacon rebelled and held a riot in Colonial Virginia. Numerous factors made the revolution inevitable, such as, high taxes, decreased tobacco prices, and resentment against unexpected privileges towards those close to the governor, Sir William Berkeley. Bacon, later elected to the new House of Burgesses forced Berkeley to summon because Bacon commanded to forbidden but successful expeditions
This article is what began the Supreme Court and gives congress the power to make lower federal courts. It defines the type of cases that they have power over, and while it isn’t stated in the constitution, the power to declare any law unconstitutional is implied. Article four. The full faith and credit clause says that all the legislative and judicial actions of any given state are to be respected by the other states. In addition, a citizen of any state has the same rights and privileges as citizens of all the other states.