What Accounted for the Rise Urbanization in America During the 19th Century?

455 Words2 Pages
What accounted for the rise of urbanization in America during the nineteenth century? Urban population of America increased seven fold after Civil War, natural increase accounted for a small part of urban growth, high infant mortality, declining fertility rate, high death rate .In 1900 almost 14 percent were urbanites even though only 12 cities had 1 million or more inhabitants. An agricultural economy to an industrial economy in the end of the 19th century were the most successful nation.The years of industrial expansion after the Civil War brought important changes to American society. The country became increasingly urban, and cities grew not only in terms of population but also in size, with skyscrapers pushing cities upward and new transportation systems extending the outward. Part of the urban population growth was fueled by an unprecedented mass immigration to the United States that continued unabated into the first two decades of the twentieth century. The promise that America held for these new immigrants contrasted sharply with the rise of legalized segregation of African-Americans in the South after Reconstruction. Meanwhile, ongoing industrialization and urbanization left their mark on how people spent their daily lives and used their leisure time. The rapid growth of urban areas is the result of two factors: natural increase in population (excess of births over deaths), and migration to urban areas. Natural population growth has been covered in other units, and consequently, here we will concentrate on migration. Migration is defined as the long-term relocation of an individual, household or group to a new location outside the community of origin. Today the movement of people from rural to urban areas (internal migration) is most significant. Although smaller than the movement of people within borders, international
Open Document