Wgu Rlt1 Task 1

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Malaria Leah Power Western Governors University Malaria Description Malaria has been a documented communicable disease for over 4,000 years. Eradication efforts eliminated malaria from the United States in the early 1950s. Worldwide eradication efforts failed from 1955-1978, and many countries developed drug and insecticide resistance (WHO, 2015). Travelers bring in 1,500-2,000 cases of malaria to the US each year. Since 1957 there have only been sixty-three documented outbreaks of locally transmitted malaria, where mosquitoes spread the disease from the recent traveler to a US resident (WHO, 2015). There are ninety-seven countries with ongoing transmission, and the World Health Organization reported 198 million…show more content…
The heavy rainfall prior to the outbreak created breeding reservoirs for the mosquitos hosting the disease. The previous deforestation also created sunlight which warmed the waters for more ideal breeding grounds. Since the highlands only have seasonal risk of malaria, the residents have lower immunity to the disease. This makes the disease more deadly to the region. Most Kenyans are unable to afford mosquito nets and supplies to protect them against malaria (Rowan, 2002). When the health centers were inspected it was noted that they were understaffed and overloaded with patients. They also lacked essential facilities and medications to treat the infected individuals. It was also reported that several infected residents were turned away from treatment facilities because they could not pay for treatment (Rowan, 2002). The route of transmission for this Kenya outbreak were disease carrying mosquitos. Those at risk for contracting malaria are the young, elderly, those without immunity built up to malaria, and the poor that are unable to protect themselves from

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