Egyptian civilization originates in regions of East Africa along Nile River, isolated by desserts and water. In Egypt, the floods of Nile River were much more predicted and coincided with the growing season. Silt carried by the Nile fertilized the fields every year. The agriculture had spread along the Nile easily and formed a strong foundation of the civilization. The first royal dynasty to bring the city-states in Mesopotamia together was the kingdom of Akkadia, followed by a later kingdom of Babylonia.
This helped established Egypt's vast wealth and culture. 2. Chariots first appeared in Syria sometime around 1800 BCE (ancient.eu). Chariots would become the weapon of choice after that for many tribes and kingdoms. They allowed for military groups to maneuver and conquer their opponents.
Chariots was invented in Mesopotamia to carry a driver and an archer for war. It was invented to be used in war and the main concept of a chariot was to keep moving constantly and shoot the enemy at a distance. Chariots were transmitted in different countries like china, Greece, and Europe by trade, travel, conquest, and migration. Chariots were transmitted to Egypt by the Hyksos, which are charioteers from Syria. The Egyptians improved chariots by modifying its design making it lighter and easier to use.
The Egyptians calendar revolved around the annual flooding of the Nile river which brought rich silt to the valley, and was the beginning of the agricultural season for the Egyptians. In the Classical Maya period the Maya created a sophisticated calendar system of overlapping cycles that included multiple cycles, a two hundred and sixty day calendar, a three hundred and sixty five day calendar and a few more that I have not listed. The cycles restarted every fifty two years, which in my opinions could of lead to the inevitable collapse of the Maya. Both Egyptian and Mayan cultures were Polytheistic in their religions with rulers that represented Gods on Earth. The ancient Egyptians revolved heavily around Earth and Sun gods, which they believed controlled the vital flooding of the Nile.
Formerly Egyptians weaponry consisted of mainly primitive impact weapons as well as throwing sticks, shields and axes. There were 3 main evolutions on technology that impacted highly on the Egyptian military. The first being the horse drawn chariot which was light and wooden with a pair of wheel attached at an axe, an inscription on a Egyptian soldiers tomb recounts the implication of this technology in war: “I followed the king on foot when he rode abroad his chariot”. This is also depicted in ‘Thutmose IV in battle with the Syrians’ (From his chariot in the Cairo Museum). Furthermore the composite bow was another pertinent contribution to Egyptian weaponry as this combined with the chariot were the main weapons attributed to military success in this period.
This large population created a developing society that created their own methods for accounting, writing, record keeping, government and much other advancement that was unknown to the ancient world. The society had huge developments in anatomy and architecture that still influence society today. ("HowStuffWorks "The Nile's Impact on Ancient Egypt"", n.d., p. 1) The Nile River also served as the main source of transportation. This encouraged travel and enabled trade and communication with outlying areas. The process of diffusion of the Eqyptian religion between early human societies is still apparent today.
On the other hand, Egypt developed near the Nile River. Developing near a river or body of water was not only important to these two civilizations but to other civilizations as well. For example China developed near the Yellow and Yangtze Rivers and India developed near the Indus River. Developing near a river was important because the surrounding land was very fertile and great for farming. This led
Running right through Egypt was, and still does, the mighty Nile River in all of its 4,184 miles of glory, influencing the kingdom of Egypt in every way imaginable. Egypt’s cities were all along the Nile. Egyptians had three seasons, Akhet (flood season), Peret (planting and growing season), and Shemu (harvest season), all based on the flooding patterns of the Nile. To the north of Egypt, there was the Mediterranean Sea. To the east of Egypt was the Eastern Desert.
Western Europe’s expansion of Atlantic trade, through exploration and colonization, not only improved their own economy, but also the economy of America, through sharing new trade products and crops as well as beginning the slave trade. Western Europe began exploring other parts of the world around the mid-1400s. They first started out with primarily explorers from Portugal and Spain. Some of these people were Christopher Columbus, Francisco
when regarded as a significant asset. Jerusalem- A city in east central Israel; pop. 562,000. Holy to Jews, Christians, and Muslims, it was divided between the states of Israel North Africa basins- A bowl for washing, typically attached to a wall and having faucets connected to a water supply; a washbasin. Nile river- world's longest river (4150 miles); flows northward through eastern Africa into the Mediterranean sahara desert -A vast desert in North Africa that covers an area of about 3,500,000 square miles (9,065,000 sq km).