Western Expansion In The 1800's

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* Western expansion had become a problem for the USA in the 1800’s. * When a new state applied to join the union, there was one question: Would the new state be free of slave? The Missouri Compromise: * By 1819, 13 states had now grown to 22. * 11 were free states, and the other 11 were slave states. * In 1819, Missouri applied to join the union as a slave state. However, because this would then tip the balance of slave to free states, the free states opposed Missouri’s admittance. * In 1820, a compromise was worked out, where to balance the admittance of Missouri, a new free state of Maine was created. * It was also agreed that there should be no slavery in the Louisiana Purchase Territory. South of that line,…show more content…
* Texas was an independent state, unrecognised by Mexico, and rejected for the US. * Texas became a major issue in 1844 presidential election, between Whig Henry Clay and the Democratic James Polk. * Polk was a slaveholder from Tennessee who promised to join both Texas and Oregon in the US. * Outgoing Whig President Tyler secured a joint resolution of congress in favour of joining Texas. * Texas was admitted into the Union as a single state in 1845. Manifest destiny: The USA’s God-given right to take over North America. * Polk wished to join California and New Mexico into the Union. * Americans started to settle into both new states * Many Northern Whigs saw the Manifest destiny as a smokescreen aimed to conceal the intent of expanding slavery The outbreak of war: * There were disagreement boundaries between Texas and Mexico which was a huge problem for the USA. * Mexican governments had to pay $2 million to American citizens for the damage to property. * Polk sent John Slidell to offer $30 million for New Mexico and California in…show more content…
He then began to set off for California. * American settlers in California claimed independence from Mexico. * Kearney’s arrival in California in December stopped what little Mexican resistance was still present. * Polk had hoped that Mexico would accept the defeat, but General Sante Anna refused to surrender. * General Zachary Taylor won a series of victories over Santa Anna in 1846, and defeated the Mexicans at the battle of Buena Vista in February 1847. * Polk striked at Mexico City. General Scott with only 11,000 men, marched 260 miles inland before capturing Mexico City in September 1847. * By autumn of 1847 the Mexican War was essentially over. It cost the Americans $100 million and 13,000 dead soldiers. * The USA was now in a position to enforce peace. The treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo: * The treaty was signed in February 1848. * California and New Mexico were given over to the USA with this treaty. * In return for the territory that the US now gained, they paid Mexico $15 million and the claims of American citizens against Mexico, which came to $3.25
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