Western European Imperialism Essay

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TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. Introduction 2. Social Changes 3. Itinerant Merchants 4. The Crusades 5. Slavery 6. The Religious Climate 7. The breakdown of the manorial system 8. Ideology 9. The industrial Revolution 10. Conclusion 11. Bibliography Introduction Capitalism emerged in Western Europe due to several decisive factors which permitted it to evolve into a completely new social system and become the most dominant force in world economy and world politics. The most significant of these factors included social change, technical/ scientific innovations, economic transition and prevalent ideological thought. Each of these factors had an affect on the other, although its pace varied in the different countries within Western Europe. These convergent forces, including the development of maritime enterprise, allowed the domination of the evolving global economy by Western Europe. Social Changes There were slow social changes that eventually made the market system possible and brought about economic change. Adam Smith stated that we always have a predilection to “truck, barter, and exchange one thing for another.” There has never been a society which…show more content…
The Itinerant merchant and his role in urbanization, the division of the church, the crusades, and the ‘protestant work ethic’, the explorers and the conquest of the new world, the breakdown of the feudal system, the school of thought, especially that of Adam Smith. The people changed, from a settled economic society to a very commercial people, whose attitude changed to one of making money. All of these attributes paved the way for the capitalist world we have today, which first emerged in Western
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