Western Civilization Timeline

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2000 BC: Greek-speaking tribes moved southward in the Greek peninsula, where together with the pre-Greek population, they fashioned the Mycenaean civilization. 1700-1450 BC: The Minoan Civilization, on the island of Crete, lasted about 1350 years and reached its heights during the period this time period. 1400-1230 BC: Mycenaean civilization, which consisted of several small states, each with its own ruling dynasty, reached its height during this time period. 1100 BC: Constant warfare among the Mycenaean kingdoms and perhaps foreign invasions led to the abrupt disintegration of the Mycenaean civilization 1100-800 BC: This marked and era of transition between the dead Mycenaean civilization and the still unborn Hellenic civilization. During this time period the Greeks experienced insecurity, warfare, poverty, and isolation. This time would come to be known as the Dark Age. 700 BC: The great poet Homer lived during this time period. His great epics, the Iliad and the Odyssey, helped shape the Greek spirit and Greek religion. Homer was a great shaper of Greek outlook and character for centuries. 750-550 BC: During this time period Greece society was comprised mainly from several small independent city-states. The scale of the city-states, or polis, was small and usually consisted of less than 5000 male citizens. This time was known as the Age of Colonization 624-548 BC: Ionian philosophy begins with Thales of Miletus, a city Ionia. The first Ionian philosophers were called cosmologist because they sought to discover the underlying principles of the universe. 594 BC: Solon, the Reformer was elected chief executive of Greece. Solon initiated a ration approach to the problems society by deemphasizing the gods’ role in human affairs and attributing the city’s ills to the specific behavior of individuals such as wealthy land owners. 546 BC:

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