West Coast Hotel vs Parrish

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West Coast Hotel Co. V. Parrish Citation- West Coast Hotel Co. V. Parrish, 300 U.S. 379 (1936-1937) Fact- A women named Elsie Parrish, who was an employee for the West Coast Hotel Company, thought she was being paid unfairly for her work. So she brought a suit against the West Coast Hotel Company to recover the difference between what the wages paid her and the minimum wage fixed pursuant to the state law which was $14.50 per week of 48 hours. The judicial history of the case is that there were lower state court hearings and they ruled the minimum wage statue unconstitutional. Adkins vs. Children's Hospital helped play a role in their decision in the lower state courts because the Supreme Court in 1923 ruled that a minimum wage law for women was unconstitutional. The West Coast Hotel then appealed to the Supreme Court after the lower courts ruled in Parrish's favor. Issue- Is it constitutional to have fixed minimum wages for women? Does having a fixed minimum wage for women violate the due process clause of the 14th amendment which forbids a state to deprive any person of life, liberty or property? Reasoning- (Mr. Justice Hughes) Hughes stated that the "Constitution speaks of liberty and prohibits the deprivation of liberty without due process of law. In prohibiting that deprivation, the Constitution does not recognize an absolute and uncontrollable liberty. Liberty in each of its phases has its history and connotation. Liberty under the Constitution is thus necessarily subject to the restraints of due process, and regulation which is reasonable in relation to its subject and is adopted in the interests of the community is due process" (449). The court ruled that the minimum wage law did not violate due process. The State of Washington thinks that it is unlawful to employ women workers in any industry within the state where the wages are not adequate for

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