Harriet Beecher Stowe was an abolitionist and author. She wrote Uncle Tom’s Cabin in response to the Fugitive Slave Act. She felt the public shouldn’t be sheltered to what went on in a slave’s life. Some people ignored the fact that slaves were treated horribly because they only saw them as property. Uncle Tom’s Cabin shined a light onto their cruel, abusive lives.
Washington High prepared students for a college education and offered some business courses as well, but during the 1890s a racist sentiment developed that African Americans should restrict themselves to vocational education or the trades, and not pursue college degrees. Booker T. Washington, founder of Alabama's Tuskegee Institute, espoused the view that blacks should first build economic independence, then agitate for equality. Cooper argued that gifted African Americans should be given equal access to higher learning. In her A Voice from the South by a Black Woman of the South, first published in 1892, Cooper wrote about intellectual abilities and the benefit of holding a degree. She was an ardent champion of education for African American women.
Greeley opposed slavery as morally deficient and economically regressive, and during the 1850s, he supported the movement to prevent its extension. Harriet Jacobs became a voice during this time for those brothers and sisters still enslaved. Her message in the North, was for them to stand against such inhumanity with larger numbers and greater voices, what she attempted to do with her pen. As a black man, I was moved by Ms. Jacob’s narrative. The idea of not being able to protect my mother or sisters from this horrendous treatment, gave thought to the slave men and their inability to stand up for those who I am sure, were precious to them…as mine are me today.
During early times, women could not carry out suffrage due to a law that only allowed males to vote. During the Civil War, a petition issued by the newly formed National Woman's Rights Committee championed for the amendment of the constitution that discriminated voters with respect to their gender. The advocates for suffrage supported this movement because all this aimed at winning the rights for women to get the opportunity to vote in both local and state levels. Progressive politics of neighboring countries, which included the rights of women to vote, provided a background and motivation in their bid of searching for women suffrage (Brinkley 221). The Fifteenth Amendment came into action to allow black African-American males to vote stating that the blacks needed it more than the entire women population.
The American Anti Slaveyr wanted full emancipation of the slaves, and alos full civil rights for them, which was controversial even among abolitionists, for they feared this would cause a full on civil war. They believed that men should not be enslaved, but they did not believe that everyone was born equal, as they split over whether or not they should involve abolition in politics, and whether they should add women’s rights into their movement. 50. 47. Jacksonian democrats vs. the Whigs, who were they and their differences in political
The north would write books, and newspapers, and give speeches about the wrongs of slavery, but the south wasn't giving in. Though slavery wasn't abolished in the south, in the north, African Americans were given the right to vote. This cause many slaves to try to escape their owners, to get to the north, where they would be free. Because African Americans now had the right to vote, women found it unfair that they still did not have the right to vote. Many women, including Elizabeth Stanton and Susan B. Anthony, took action to gain their right.
Reform Movement DBQ There was the temperance movement, aimed toward lessening alcohol consumption, and in extreme cases, the complete abolishment of it, and the women's rights movement that struggled with the task of equality for women in society and politics. Prison and church reform were also popular causes as people observed the injustices in prisons and viewed certain churches with disdain while American's sought a different salvation and turned to revivals and camp meetings. There were also the abolitionists and the utopians. The abolitionists found slavery to be inhumane and fought to rid America, especially the south, of human bondage forever. The utopians were people unsatisfied with America's normal society and as a result created their own societies where their ideals could be lived and taught.
After the Civil War, anti-slavery Republicans were alarmed by the promiscuity and rampant fatherlessness among ex-slaves, disastrous consequences of the institution's prohibition against slaves entering into marriage contracts. These abolitionists created the Freedmen's Bureau, in part as a federal marriage initiative: they wanted to encourage ex-slaves to marry and create stable families. Their aim wasn't primarily to ensure the civil right of blacks to enter into contracts of all sorts, including marriage; they believed, above all, that American-style marriage would help ex-slaves become responsible, self-reliant citizens who would rear responsible, self-reliant children. In light of this dual state concern—the rights of the couple and the promotion of self-governing families would mirror and sustain the republic (para.
For instance, they raised questions on racism and race. Many white abolitionists practiced racial prejudice even though abolitionism was termed as a strong interracial movement formed in the U.S. therefore the abolitionists aimed at ending racial segregations which prevailed in the nation. Differences occurred between the white and black abolitionists on the issue of race and how they could overcome social and institutional racism. Some of them campaigned for a society which was colorblind whereby race was not to be acknowledged in any way and that it didn’t matter anywhere. While other abolitionists argued that racial differences and race were not to be ignored, and they had to be given acknowledgement
“Initially, women energized by Friedan’s book joined with government leaders and union representatives who had been lobbying the federal government for equal pay and for protection against employment discrimination.” They had established that polite requests were not working and they would need their own group, basically an equal to the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People but for women. In June of 1966 the NOW was born, (History.com). In 1966, Betty Friedan wrote the NOW statement, “We, men and women who hereby constitute ourselves as the National Organization for Women, believe that the time has come for a new movement toward true equality for all women in America, and toward a fully equal partnership of the sexes, as part of world-wide revolution of human rights now taking place within and beyond our national borders. The purpose of NOW is to take action to bring women into full participation in the mainstream of American society now, exercising all the privileges and responsibilities thereof in truly equal partnership with men…” (NOW.org). Since 1966, NOW has been working to make sure that the partnership with men and women is