True (f) The objective of financial reporting is the foundation from which the other aspects of the framework logically result. True E2-4 Instructions Identify the appropriate qualitative characteristic(s) to be used given the information provided below. (a) Qualitative characteristic being employed when companies in the same industry are using the same accounting principles. Comparability (b) Quality of information that confirms users’ earlier expectations. Confirmatory value (c) Imperative for providing comparisons of a company from period to period.
| Huffman Trucking | Memo To: Graham Grove, Vice President of Industrial Relations From: Paul Johnson Director of Accounting CC: Simone Ojeda Accounting Specialist Date: [ 4/9/2012 ] Re: Results from ratio calculations and horizontal and vertical analysis What do the liquidity, profitability, and solvency ratios reveal about the company’s financial position? Liquidity ratios are the ratios that measure the ability of Huffman Trucking to meet its short term debt obligations. These ratios measure the ability of this company to pay off its short-term liabilities when they fall due. Profitability ratios measures Huffman Trucking’s ability to generate earnings relative to sales, assets and equity. These ratios assess the ability of the company to generate earnings, profits and cash flows relative to some metric, often the amount of money invested.
(TCO B) Cite two ways that the accounting function can contribute to the achievement of quality. 6. (TCO C) Compare and contrast the quality philosophies of Deming and Juran. • Page 2 1. (TCO G) Discuss the concept of best practices and their effect on quality management success.
Financial Statements ACC/280 May 01, 2012 Edward Vargas Financial Statements Accounting is extremely important by monitoring the functions of the companies, and allowing them to make appropriate financial transactions and decisions. Some areas of accounting can seem confusing and difficult but in the end the outcome is clear and concise. There are two basic forms of accounting known as; financial and managerial accounting. Financial accounting responsibilities are to follow the General Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) that is regulations for investor relations, creditors, and taxation purposes, whereas managerial accounting is for internal evaluation. There are different functions and categories that accounting
Currency risk- if unexpected changes in currency values affect the value of the firm 4. Identify and describe the ways in which a US company can participate in international commerce. 5. The price of a currency forward contract is determined by the relationship between interest rates of the two countries in question and the time period covered by the contract. Is this statement exactly true, partly true or false?
“Determined by the FASB, U.S. generally accepted accounting principles are standards that determine how accountants in the U.S. conduct and format their reports. Accounting records must be seen by a number of people outside of the organization for transparency purposes. If each company created its own accounting reporting methods, comparing financial statements would be inefficient and hiding information would be easier. According to the FASB, entities such as the U.S. Securities Exchange Commission and the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants recognize FASB's authority to set standards.” There are some simple objectives in which a company
In my opinion, it is not ethical for a CPA or CPA firm to help companies “manage” their reported earnings and financial condition. The framework of Ethical Reasoning comprises five parts: Opinion, self-interest, consequence, duty, and character. This framework can help us better analyze this matter. First, opinion puts self-interest aside to see into this matter. If a CPA or CPA firm first serves as a consultant then as the given entity’s auditor, it is auditing its own work.
Both approaches to accounting theory are valuable measures and when used aptly can combine to give a comprehensive understanding of a given situation. In essence, positive accounting theory is concerned with the reality of practices while normative accounting theory is concerned with strict guidelines for how practices should occur in an ideal environment. While a normative approach provides structure and a basis for how accounting practices should occur, reality involves individuals and therefore behaviour must be considered. The positive accounting theory allows for understanding of how behaviour impacts practices and the decision making process. Positive accounting practice is explanatory and reflective and hence can provide an insight into the reality of accounting practices.