Teaching and learning have been an important issue since human existed in this world. What is "teaching and learning?" According to the Oxford dictionary, "teaching" is the process to cause somebody to know or to be able to do something, and "learning" is the practice to gain knowledge and skill. In Paul Goodman' s opinion, the schools are only a therapeutic halfway house for young kids. And Ralph Waldo Emerson refers that "universities are, of course, hostile to geniuses."
The influx of shattered images brought forth by the "Report of the French Commission on American Education, 1879” reminds us of a time long ago when education was for every child, not select few. Stoic instructors molding young minds in the quest to advance America as a whole. Civic pride and duty were influencing every aspect of American education. Both essays draw from the influence of education into the societal path into American mainstream society. Each school system is influenced by thoughts of bettering youth, but in much opposite ends of the spectrum.
Labour government has also tried to promote greater choice and diversity by trying to become a post-comprehensive educational era. To do this the new labour introduced a policy to encourage schools to become specialist skills schools. By 2007 85% of all secondary schools had become specialist skill schools, so that children could go to a secondary school based on the specialist skill they required, they had a greater choice about what they wanted to learn. New labour also tried to promote greater choice and diversity by using ideas put forward by postmodernists. Such as Kenneth thompson, who believes education has changed to become more pro-choice and has broken free from the ‘oppressive uniformity’ of the ‘one size fits all’ ideology that government of the time had schools in.
Enlightenment thinkers said the world can be explained through logic and that humans don’t need God for every challenge they go through because we have the ability to figure things out on our own. The Enlightenment promoted the newly importance of education, politics and government in the intellectual climate. Colonists had placed a high value on education, even though it was hard to access. Families would teach their children to read and write at home, even though the amount of work in agricultural households limited the time for schooling. A 1647 law in Massachusetts required every town to support a school and many communities failed to obey the law.
In 1836 the McGuffey Reader was introduced which also featured Bible versed to teach moral values. The school system using the Bible produced some of the brightest inventors and set the Industrial Revolution in motion. The 20th Century brought about change as many churches turned their school over to the State run educational system. However, the State run school still used the McGuffey reader with its Bible verses to teach moral values. At this time America had one of the best school systems in the world.
Social studies provides learning through studying interesting history, allows for a greater understanding of the world around us through related facts, and assures that past mistakes won’t repeat themselves. In this course, students begin to define their own realities and branch off into the world full of knowledge, facts and ideas. One reason why social studies is amongst the best classes in high school is the learning that occurs from studying interesting history. For example, when World War One began in 1914, the domains of the British Empire rapidly supported the United Kingdom's declaration of war against Germany. Canada made many contributions during the combat that enabled the country as a whole to become more independent and sovereign.
Next the educational ideologies will be looked at going on to the various pedagogies provided in Ireland at this time, including, Montessori, Naíonrai, Steiner and High/Scope - its origins in cross cultural longitudinal studies (Perry Pre-School) and finally neuroscience. The importance of play has been recognised, recorded and debated for centuries, as far back as the Ancient Greeks by philosophers and academics alike. Plato said, “Avoid compulsion and let your children play”. Play is an emotive word, which has different meanings for different people and can be defined in many ways. Right the way through life play takes place, but as children grow older the play form varies.
Sarah's Long Walk Reflection by Adreanna I found so many points of interest in Sarah's Long Walk by Stephen and Paul Kendrick. It was difficult to decide on just one. I have the philosophy that all people are created equal and with that said deserve the same opportunities in life and especially education. As with many of the people mentioned in this book, I agree that , “ without diversity that many groups bring to a school, the whole system of public schools suffers.”(pg 166) In education as in life every individual has a unique contribution to make. As educators, we are influential in the development and outcome , of bringing each individuals unique talents and knowledge forth, without bias.
Children from poor families were expected to earn a living as soon as possible and children from noble families were schooled. Philosophers such as John Locke (1632-1704) believed that children were not born with any predisposition but came into the world as a blank slate (“tabula rasa”) and would develop if guided and trained through repetition. He felt that the role of the adult was highly significant
Malcolm X once said that “Education is our passport to the future, for tomorrow belongs to the people who prepare for it today” but now we have to admit that our current system was relevant for the 1980’s but not for today and certainly not for the 21st century that we now live in. School is an excellent place to learn about tons of subjects, how to think, socialize, etc. In modern education, however, there are limits to prepare students for the reality of daily life. In my opinion, education’s purpose is to empower students to find their own paths to their own dreams; to create life-long learners who are prepared for both the modern world and the future; and to empower individuals to make a positive impact in the world. To start with, the main aim of educational system is to provide the basis for the individuals’ integration into society.