Ways in Which the Civil War Change Certain Assumptions About the Roles of the Women in Society.

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Women played many roles in the civil war. They did not wait for the men in their lives to come home from the battlefield. Many women supported the war effort as nurses and aides, while others took a more upfront approach and secretly enlisted in the army or served as spies and smugglers. These new jobs delimitate their traditional roles as housewives and mothers and made them an important part of the war effort. Two of the important women in the civil war were, Clara Barton and Harriet Tubman. Clara work in the civil war began in April 1861. After the battle of Bull Run, She established an agency to obtain and distribute supplies to wounded soldiers. Later on she obtained permission to travel behind the lines, finally reaching some of the grimmest battlefields of the war and serving during the sieges of Petersburg and Richmond. Barton delivered aid to soldiers of both north and south. On the other hand Harriet was a runaway slave from Maryland who became known as the “Moses of her people.” Around the course of 10 years, and at great personal risk, she led hundreds of slaves to freedom along the Underground Railroad, a secret network of safe houses where runaway slaves could stay on their journey north to freedom. During the civil war she was a spy for the federal forces in South Carolina as well as a nurse. For some women, working as nurses or spies was not enough. As many as 400 women disguised themselves as men to enlist and fight for both the Union and Confederacy, risking imprisonment if they were caught. Women fought for many of the same reasons as men did: out of a sense of patriotism, to help eradicate slavery, to earn money, and to escape a difficult or unsatisfying home life. Because the women were disguised as men, they performed the same tasks as men. They served on the frontlines, cooked, acted as spies, and nursed the wounded. They were the man of
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