Watson's Theory of Human Caring Essay

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Watson’s Theory of Human Caring Paper Tammy Cox NUR/403 April 29, 2013 Dr. Candace Cane There are many nursing theories that have helped develop patient care throughout the years. Each theory had a specific focus that would give nursing the frame work needed to provide the best optimal care to our patients. Some examples would include Orlando’s Theory of the nursing process, Mercer’s Theory of becoming a mother, Leininger’s theory of cultural care diversity and universality, or Roy’s adaptation model. One important theory that describes nursing as a human science that addresses the nature of human caring is Jean Watsons Theory of Human Caring (Alligood, 2010, p.52). The Theory of Human caring was developed by Jean Watson with the desire to bring meaning and focus to nursing as an emerging discipline and a distinct health profession with unique values, knowledge, practices, ethics, and mission (Alligood, 2010, p.112). Watson describes the core of nursing as those aspects of nursing that potentiate therapeutic healing processes and relationships, transcending time and “trim” of nursing, such as procedures, tasks, treatments, and technology (Alligood, 2010, p. 112). With in the Theory of Human Caring there are ten primary carative factors described by Watson. They are the formation of a humanistic-altruistic system of values, the installation of faith-hope, cultivation of sensitivity to one’s self and others, development of a helping-trust relationship, promotion and acceptance of the expression of positive and negative feelings, systematic use of the scientific problem-solving, method for decision making, promotion for interpersonal teaching- learning, provision for a supportive, protective and/or corrective mental, physical, socio-cultural and spiritual

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