Dr. Watson believes that caring is central to nursing and can be effective if practiced interpersonally. In her caring theory, Dr. Watson introduced ten carative factors that are essential to successful nursing care (Alligood, 2010). This paper will discuss the key concepts of Watson’s theory and it will describe how it applies to the nurse and patient relationship. The caring moment will be defined and the application of four carative factors will be described. According to Alligood (2010), “the formation of a humanistic-altruistic system of values, the instillation of faith-hope, the cultivation of sensitivity to one’s self and to others, and the development of a helping-trusting relationship” (p. 113) are the four carative factors.
In addition a good practical nurse should also be a good listener. A nurse should ensure that its patient is being heard and acknowledge. Also a nurse should acknowledge any improvement in its patient’s health. And reward the patient for any participation that he or she takes towards its health improvement. For example when a nurse sees that its patients exercise and watch his or her diet in order to lower its blood pressure or cholesterol the nurse should reward them by making a positive comment to them.
Communication can make a person’s quality of life better, especially if they are in pain or distress, or to express feelings, wishes or desires. People communicate in order to establish and maintain relationships with others, to give and receive information and instructions, to understand and be understood, to share opinions, knowledge, feelings, and emotions, to give encouragement and show others they are valued. 1.2 Explain how communication affects relationships in an adult care setting: Good communication will enable me to build strong relationship based on trust. It is essential that the individuals I support trust me as I will be working closely with them sometimes providing personal care which can be a very intimate task. Effective communication can help promote and create a positive working environment.
This includes using words, feedback, action, body language and gestures. With effective communication service users and family will enjoy the services provided. 1.3 Explain why it is important to observe an individual reactions when communicating with them All communication has an effect on the person that you are communicating with. Interactions a two way process, it is important to watch the effects so that any problems can be identified and dealt with. In order to be effective in care and supporting service users you have to be a good communicator whether this is through speaking, body language, facial expressions or gestures.
Components of good documentation are the same as Watson’s theory and nursing process; assessment, plan of action, intervention, and evaluation. A caring nurse will want to be able to improve and become more efficient with documentation so that they are able to provide more direct nursing care to their patients. Carative factor number seven in Watson’s theory call for the promotion of interpersonal teaching-learning. This describes “the caring nurses as one that must focus on the learning process as much as the teaching process” (Current Nursing, 2012, para. 3).
Motivation Interviewing offers supportive and compassionate counseling to assist a person to move from denial of the problem to gaining the treatment necessary for recovery and abstinence. It can decrease defensiveness and resistance and increases empowerment and hope. People will go through stages as they change from unhealthy behaviors to healthy, which are cognitive and behavioral. Meeting the person where they are is very important in order to move them from resistance to acceptance. The stages of change helps provide a framework for understanding the process.
The nurse’s spiritual and moral support is a useful tool to promote well-being and contribute to assist the patient to cope better with the difficult life events. The understanding of the patient needs will provide an essential connection to initiate the spiritual caregiving.The complete acknowledgment
Effective communication helps care workers to give and receive information of the individuals care and welling being. It enables care workers to express understanding, support, trust and acceptance towards the clients. Effective communication also helps care workers to identify and support individual’s abilities and reduce dependency. Physical needs, care workers need to look for physical needs which involve pain, cold, hunger etc. Emotional needs, care workers need to help the client feel safe, poor communication may make the client feel threatened.
Jean Watson published the theory of caring in 1988 named “nursing: human science and human care.” She was the founder of the in human caring which revolves around 10 Carative Factors that are essential for nursing and caring (Alligood 2010). Jean Watson
If used properly the goal of the therapist will communicate in such a way for client personality change to occur. Over time and treatment the clinician would have an unconditional positive regard for the client. Thus far, building a respect for the client and their concerns should be the center focus of the clinician. The therapist encourages the client to use self exploration and acceptance, and openness to self and others by giving clarification of what the client is saying and reflecting on the feelings of the client. The client will learn to show empathy and warmth toward him self and anyone involved.