Watson's Theory Of Human Caring

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Watson's Theory of Human Caring
June 26, 2011

Watson's Theory of Human Caring
In the mid-1970s, Jean Watson focused on finding a definition for nursing that can be applied in all settings, whether it is the hospital, office, research, or clinic. She did not set out to begin a theory, but to put her ideas on paper about nursing and people in general. Her goal is to have nurses come together, regardless of specialty, and share a common definition that embraces science and philosophical perspective. The common goal has become known as caring-healing consciousness. Watson begins her theory by identifying 10 carative factors of care.
Theory Concepts
Watson bases her theory of nursing on 10 carative factors: 1. Formation of humanistic-altruistic systems of values: This begins in early development and is molded by life experiences, exposure, learning, and culture. 2. Development of faith and hope: The belief in spiritual being can assist in the healing process. The nurse can be authentic in enabling a patient to become more aware of his deep belief systems. 3. Sensitivity to self and others: The nurse is to be sensitive to others in a nurturing, healing way to facilitate healing and promote spirituality. Listening and understanding how the patient is feeling and why the patient are reacting to the moment the way they are will lead to a better understanding and empathy. 4. Helping-trust relationships: Develop a helping-trusting relationship by using congruence, warmth, and empathy. 5. Acceptance of feeling, both positive and negative: Accepting of others feelings can lead to understanding. Someone can accept someone’s expression by audio, visual or intuition. The nurse also needs to be supportive of these feelings. 6. Problem-solving for decision making: This method permits control and self-correction. “Creatively

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