Watson's Theory

1947 Words8 Pages
Watson's Theory of Human Caring

August, 20, 2012

Watson's Theory of Human Caring
In the United States today health care has changed drastically. Nursing responsibilities have increased without regard to the impact it can have on the patients. In health care facilities today the nurse-patient ratio, patient acuity, documentation requirements, and the lack of adequate staffing leaves nurses frustrated, tired, and irritated. It is not hard to see, how their ability to develop a caring relationship with patients may not be their first priority. It is important for nurses to overcome these barriers and return their focus to using a caring approach in practice. Jean Watson’s Theory of Human Caring can be a valuable tool in rekindling a nurse’s passion for the profession she chose and why.
Dr. Jean Watson was born in West Virginia and later moved to Boulder, Colorado where she attended the University of Colorado and obtained multiple degrees. She is a well-known author and has received honors both nationally and internationally. She attributes the development of her theory to her personal views about nursing and her studies in psychology. Jean Watson’s Theory of Human Caring was developed in 1979. Her theory is well-known and used by nurses globally. As cited by Jesse (2010), Watson’s intention was “to bring meaning and focus for nursing as an emerging discipline and distinct health profession with unique values, knowledge, practices, ethics, and mission” (p. 112).
Jean Watson’s theory is composed of the major concepts the first is carative factors, second a transpersonal relationship, and third the nurse-patient interaction, a caring moment. “Watson defines caring as the ethical and moral idea of nursing that has interpersonal and humanistic qualities” (Jesse, 2010. p. 111). The foundation of nursing science and practice are based on
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