Watson's Theory

3056 Words13 Pages
Watson's Theory of human caring
Kathy E Pereira
NUR/403
April 15, 2013

Watson's Theory of Human Caring
Background and major concepts of Watson’s Caring Theory.
Dr. Jean Watson an American nursing scholar born in West Virginia has published numerous works describing her philosophy and theory of human caring. In 1979, Watson wrote her first book, Nursing: The Philosophy and Science of Caring. At the beginning, Watson had no proclivity to refer her ideas as a theory; Watson initially tried “to solve some conceptual and empirical problems about nursing relate to and direct education, practice, and research” (Watson, 2012, p. ix-xi).
Watson developed her theory influence by the Eastern culture, international travels, and experiences obtained from her sabbatical leaves. Caring theory, which has been developing over the years, serves as a guideline to educate nurses how to apply the theory in nursing practice. Later, Watson expanded her theory publishing her book Nursing: Human Science and Human Care to Human Caring Science: A Theory of Nursing. Watson’s job evolves “framing and naming caring science as the disciplinary foundation for nursing profession” (Watson, 2012, p. ix-xi). This theory has been used to help the new generation of nurses to view the human being as a whole with a connection between body, mind, spirit and the environment, understand transpersonal relationship, and create caring moments in nursing practice to improve patient care to obtain positive outcomes. Watson’s theory focus in caring as it must to remain constant. The words “human care” in Watson original book, was later changed to “human caring” or “caring” to describe transpersonal interaction, caring moments, and carative factors, elements of Watson’s theory (Watson, 2012).
Watson describes caring as an intentional act from the nurses. In her theory, Watson emphasis that the nurse has
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