Environmental Studies Project
Study of Water Pollution
A project by:
Abbas Lolliwala (1117)
Arvind Patel (1303)
Akshay Binani ( )
SCMS (UG), SIU
We would like to thank our Environmental Studies Professor Dr. Nitin for giving such a wonderful opportunity to research on the topic ‘Water pollution’ and acquire deep knowledge on water pollution and its affects in environment.
1. Interviewed fellow classmates on their view of water pollution and steps
they take to minimize it.
1. Researched from the internet.
2. Referred to reference books from the library.
WHAT IS WATER ?
Water covers 71% of the Earth's surface, and is vital for all known forms of life. On Earth, 96.5% of the planet's water is found in oceans, 1.7% in groundwater, 1.7% in glaciers and the ice caps of Antarctica and Greenland, a small fraction in other large water bodies, and 0.001% in the air as vapor, clouds (formed of solid and liquid water particles suspended in air), and precipitation. Only 2.5% of the Earth's water is freshwater, and 98.8% of that water is in ice and groundwater. Less than 0.3% of all freshwater is in rivers, lakes, and the atmosphere, and an even smaller amount of the Earth's freshwater (0.003%) is contained within biological bodies and manufactured products.
Water pollution is the contamination of water bodies (e.g. lakes, rivers, oceans, aquifers and groundwater). Water pollution occurs when pollutants are discharged directly or indirectly into water bodies without adequate treatment to remove harmful compounds.
Water is typically referred to as polluted when it is impaired by anthropogenic contaminants and either does not support a human use, such as drinking water, and/or undergoes a marked shift in its ability to support its constituent biotic communities, such as fish. Natural phenomena...