What is Pollution?
Pollution is the introduction of contaminants into the natural environment that causes adverse change. Pollution can take the form of chemical substances or energy, such as noise, heat or light. Pollutants, the components of pollution, can be either foreign substances/energies or naturally occurring contaminants. Pollution is often classed as point source or nonpoint source pollution.
What is Water Pollution?
It is defined as the presence of materials in the water which are harmful to the living beings when they cross their threshold concentration levels. It includes the heat, organic, inorganic and biological along with the radiological compounds. The surface water is not fit for drinking. It has organic, inorganic components along with the presence of bacteria, fungi, viruses, algae, protozoa’s and the other organisms. The water gets polluted when these organisms are present in the higher concentration. It makes the water unfit to drink. The degree of pollution depends upon the concentration of substances. There are some substances which can cause the pollution even at the low concentration. It includes the poisons, toxins, chemicals and few pathogens. The water pollution is not natural and is mainly man made. The natural water pollution consists of clay, animal wastes, minerals and leaves etc.
Laws regarding Water Pollution –
1. The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974 and Its Amendments
The purpose of this act is “to provide for the prevention and control of water pollution and the maintenance or restoring wholesomeness of water for the establishment, with a view to carrying out the purpose of aforesaid of Boards for the prevention and control of water pollution, for conferring on and assigning to such Boards powers and functions relating thereto and for matters connected therewith.” This is the Act that established the Central and a State Board and also the authority and power to constitute...