Washington's First Inaugural Address Dbq

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West DBQ Although the Federalists administration (Washington and Adams) intended to unify the nation and strengthen the federal government, their political and economic policies split the nation into rival partisan factions. Debates over the ratification of the Constitution set the stage for political parties by the end of the 1790’s. The constitution was created and soon the conflict shifted to revolve around the strict and loose interpretations of the constitution as well as Federal versus State authority. Alexander Hamilton and his party the Federalists favored a loose interpretation of the Constitution. Their belief was that the document permitted everything that it did…show more content…
The conflict stemmed from the creation and passage of Hamilton’s financial program. Hamilton’s intention was to establish a sound financial foundation for the new nation by creating a national bank, addressing the public debt by means of the Assumption Act and the Funding Bill, and raising revenue through excise taxes and tariffs. This is where the political parties come into play. Republicans argued that since the constitution made no provision for a national bank, congress therefore had no right to authorize it. This also begins the debate over the strict and loose interpretation of the constitution. The conflict over the bank extends into the interpretation of the “necessary and proper clause”, which was implemented in as the reason for the passage of the program. Documents C and D reflect the contrasting views of Jefferson and Hamilton on this particular clause. Hamilton argued that although the Constitution does not explicitly give Congress the authority to establish a national bank, the move was justified by the "necessary and proper" exercise of Congress' authority to make laws regulating interstate commerce under the commerce clause. Jefferson, on the other hand, interpreted the Constitution more strictly, believing Congresses power is limited to the enumerated
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