The loss of English territories in France was the main cause of York’s hatred of Somerset and worsened the relationship between Henry and York, whose relationship was already strained because of the court faction’s suspicions of York’s intentions and fears of attainder. York and the Neville’s wanted to see better governance and for Henry to regard them equally as the Beaufort’s. The feud between Somerset and York was because York felt dishonoured by Somerset’s easy surrender of Rouen and other lands of York’s appanage in 1450. As the son of Richard, Earl of Cambridge; who was executed for treason against Henry V, York was sensitive to the issue of family honour. He presented an article to the king in 1452, criticising Somerset for his failure to defend Rouen from attack and his surrender of Rouen in 1449 despite soldiers protesting.
• 1763 Treaty of Paris o Ended war between Britain/American vs French/Indian o Great victory for Britain/American New France became part of British Empire Spain, an ally of France, gave Florida to Britain Gave Britain vast lands from French Empire that Americans wanted but were denied o Eliminated French Power in North America Made France bitter against British Empire British Royal Proclamation of 1763 • Before Proclamation o Colonists break treaty with Native Americans and begin moving into Indian lands o Chief Pontiac unites various tribes and begins attacking frontier forts and colonial settlements o British officials fear another war with Indians would cost too much and disrupt fur trade that they took over from the French o British officials decide only solution is … • Royal Proclamation of 1763 o Drew line north to south along Appalachians o Declared lands west off limits to colonial settlements o Enraged farmers and land speculators because wanted more land • Beginning of trouble with England British Stamp Act • New British tax policies before Stamp Act gets Eastern, New England merchants angry o Britain seeking way to pay for cost of war fought to defend
Johanne Van Dam Mr. Bennett US History 1 6 February 2013 Chapter 7.2 Outline 1. Charges of Treason: The Battle Over Foreign Affairs ● During Washington’s second term wars in Europe dramatically changed foreign affairs. ● Officials who had formerly disagreed on economic policy now began siding with either France or England. ● The clash between the two political parties was developed over how best to preserve the republic. ● The Federalists wanted to side with Great Britain, but the Jeffersonian Republicans wanted to side with France.
There was a massive loss of resources and income after the recline of land in France, leading to the powerful men of England to take arms in aid of their lords this lead to the battle of St Albans The weakness of royal power can be pin pointed to the king. Henry was never a fit king to rule a country such as England; he was not the man his father Henry V would ever be. And this caused a sense of unrest to the people of England. This can be reflected by his counterproductive peace policy with France, that lead to the loss of royal lands that his father had once gained. Henry was supported and manipulated by William de la Pole, Edmund Beaufort and his French wife, Margaret of Anjou.
Jay’s treaty allowed peace to be made with Spain b/c raised fears of Brit/ American alliance in North America, Pinckney’s treaty 1795 recognized US right to Mississippi, Florida border, control of Indian raids from FL IV. The Downfall of the Federalists A. The Election of 1796 1. Washington retired 1797, in “Farewell” worried over foreign influence on gov’t, including French efforts to frustrate Federalist diplomatic program 2. Open expression of political rivalries after Washington- Jefferson running for Republicans, Hamilton too many enemies so VP John Adams Fed
Impulsively and stubbornly, France initiated a Quasi-War, where American ships were taken over by French powers. Prior to this event, Adams foresaw Franco-American trouble and sent negotiators overseas to France. This episode, now known as the XYZ affair, involved American diplomats sent to negotiate issues that were threatening to break out into war. The negotiators were approached through informal channels by agents of the French Foreign Minister Talleyrand, who demanded bribes and a loan before formal negotiations could begin. Although such demands were not uncommon in European diplomacy of the time, the Americans were offended by them, and eventually left France without ever engaging in formal negotiations.
Coercive acts: 1774: This harsh laws punish the people of Massachusetts for their resistance. 1st continental congress: September 1774:This political body represent American Interests and challenge British control. Quebec act: 1774: This act set up a permanent government for Quebec and granted religious freedom to French Catholics. Battle of Lexington and Concord: April 19,1775: This battle was the first military fight of the American revolutionary war. 2nd Continental Congress: May 10,1775: The some of the Continental Congress members were not yet prepared to break away from Great Britain.
The second phase began in 1756 when the French and English opened official hostilities in the Seven Years’ War. It was marked by a reestablishment of allies. Beginning in 1757, British Secretary of State, William Pitt, began to bring most important war effort in America under British control: British commanders forcibly enlisted colonists (known as impressments), and officers seized supplies and forced colonists to shelter troops without compensation. By 1758 there was a lot of friction between the British authorities and the colonists. During the third phase, William Pitt relaxed his policies, reimbursed control to the colonial assemblies over military recruitment, and dispatched additional troops to America.
In September 1774, a convention of delegates from Massachusetts towns approved a series of resolutions that urged Americas to refuse obedience to the new laws, withhold taxes, and prepare for war. It was bringing together the most political leaders of twelve mainland colonies. Second Continental Congress- war had broken out between British soldiers and armed citizens of Massachusetts. On April 19 a force of British soldiers marched from Boston toward at the nearby town of Concord seeking to seize arms being stockpiled there. Riders from Boston warned local leaders of the troops approach.
In the North, French Louisburg captured, gained access to St. Lawrence River b. The French and Indian War England and France sent troops to America because they noticed the colonial fights Europe and decided that they didn’t trust the colonial armies. iv. Beginning of War: 2.