Was Internal or External Opposition the Greater Threat to the French Revolution 1789-1799?

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The supposed growth of external and internal opposition which obliged those who were determined to protect the gains from 1789/90 to resort to more ruthless methods. Serious threats to the Revolution from inside France itself, both from those who felt the revolution had gone too far & those who felt it had not gone far enough Louis obstructed or vetoed laws to deport refractory priests, dismissed Girondin ministers Flander’s Regiment. Marie Antionette. Those who wanted a return to pre-1989 La Grand Peur. The Federalist revolt surrendered Toulon to the British after the Girondins had been expelled by the Jacobins Defection of Lafayette Vendee Rebellion - rebellion in defense of the church, bread shortages, conscription and against Parisian intrusion into provincial life. Much of western France rosi in 1793 at a crucial point when foreign armies threatened France also appeared to be threatened from abroad Padua Circular - Emperor Leopold, brother of Marie Antoinette, organized a coalition of French emigre nobles and other European powers that would put an end to the Revolution Pillnitz Declaration - Count of Artois, Louis’ brother & leader of emigre nobles, expressed his support of the Padua Circular Brunswick Manifesto - Proclamation that threatened war and ruin to French people if the republicans did injure Louis XVI or his family Pope Pius denounced the Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Civil Constitution of the Clergy and pushed Louis in a similar stance Coalition of powerful neighbors all united against France 1793: Britain, Holland, Austria, Prussia, Naples Britain with stranglehold of Channel could ferry emigres across and blockade France. Support for Quiberon campaign 1795 It is impossible to disentangle the external and the internal threats The two threats were interwoven and interdependent. Yet far from making them stronger,
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