In a way the legend was fulfilled when Alexander took over control of the known world at the time. The Persian emperor Darius came to meet him with a force of 140,000 on his way to conquer Persia. Darius chose to wait it out, letting Alexander's forces come to him, and Alexander, taking this as a sign of weakness, charged on the Persians. Alexander nearly got himself killed, but the Battle of Issus was a decisive victory for the Greeks. Darius fled, leaving Alexander in control of the entire western portion of the Persians'
The Persians ran out of supplies and returned after the defeat of Marathon. The second invasion of Greece by the Persians happened in the year 480 BC. Xerxes was the Persian King at this time. He gathered a huge army. This army attacked the Greeks at Thermopylae, a town just north of
King Leonidas Leonidas was the king of Sparta at one time. He is most famous for leading the three hundred Spartans against the Persian army. He lived in the Peloponnesus and the city state of Sparta. Leonidas had a major impact in his time; he led troops to eliminate Persians to defend Sparta. Doing this Sparta and Athens won the war against the Persians, but ended up losing to Rome.
Hamilcar developed a base for Carthage in southern Spain, which helps explain the geography and transalpine adventure of the Second Punic War. When Hamilcar died, his son-in-law Hasdrubel took over, but when Hasdrubel died, 7 years later, in 221, the army appointed Hannibal general of the forces of Carthage in Spain. People considered Hannibal “Great”: Hannibal retained his reputation as a formidable opponent and great military leader even after Carthage lost the Punic Wars. Hannibal colors the popular imagination because of his treacherous trek with elephants across the Alps to face the Roman army. By the time the Carthaginian troops had finished the mountain crossing, he had about 50,000 troops and 6000 horsemen with which to face and defeat the Romans' 200,000.
After leaving Alexandria, Caesar swept his army through Asia Minor where he defeated the rebellious king Pharnaces is such plain fashion that he uttered described it in only a three words, "veni, vedi, vici" or "I came, I saw, I conquered." In October of 47 B.C., Caesar returned to Rome a great leader and war hero to complete his reign. In 44 B.C. he was named to his 5th consulship and in the same year became dictator for life. Unfortunately, this would not be as long of a reign as he anticipated.
Describe the conquests of Alexander the Great and analyze the legacy of his empire Alexander the Great was a very powerful man. He was a king, a military tactician and troop leader. He had quite an accomplished life in the short space of time he would have lived. Including in his accomplishments were his many conquests. In three hundred and thirty five B.C (335 B.C), as general of the Greeks in a campaign against the Persians originally planned by his father, he carried out a successful campaign against the defecting Thracians, penetrating to the Danube River.
By overthrowing the Persian Empire and by spreading Hellenism, Greek culture, language, thought, and way of life, as far as India, Alexander was instrumental in creating a new Hellenistic era. Alexander was able to maintain the enormous territory that he conquered by never stopping or backing down, he continued to push forward no matter what. He was only thirty-two, but in just thirteen years he had created an empire that stretched from his homeland of Macedonia to India. As he plunged deeper into the East conquering lands he founded new cities and military colonies, which scattered Greeks and Macedonians throughout the East. This was how he controlled all the land he conquered.
The Persian Wars How did the Greeks repeatedly defeat the mighty Persian forces with drastically lower numbers? The Persian Wars were a series of wars and battles between Greek city states and the colossal Persian Empire. The two great examples for this question would be the battles of Marathon and Thermopylae. Many historians have different interpretations and conjectures on what happened during these battles and these wars. Some questionable facts are how many men really fought in this battle, how did the Greeks triumph against the juggernaut force of the Persian armada, and what strategies they would have used.
Denise Sanders Management 4424 November 4, 2013 Section 476 “MAJOR ACCOMPLISHMENTS AND FAILURES” Alexander accomplished a great deal during his lifetime. One of those accomplishments was becoming the ruler of Macedonia after the death of his father in 336 B.C. In 334 BC, Alexander defeated the Persian king Darius 3rd army near the Grancius River. In 333 BC, Alexander once again defeated the Persian Army even though his army was outnumber he used military strategies to create formations that ultimately gave him the advantage that ultimately win the war. Alexander declared himself King of Persia after capturing Darius the 3rd and making him a fugitive.
The Greek empire began with consolidation of Macedonia and the Greek city-states to fight the Persians in war by Phillip II. Alexander the great then took power and led the armies through Persia and assumed the throne. He then did not return to Greece he marched his armies east to the Indian Ocean and conquered most of the known world. Alexander did realize that he alone could not control all of his newly acquired territories alone. He received the alliance of the foreign countries by allowing them to continue their customs and traditions.