A single factory might hire thousands of workers. These jobs brought people to the cities. Third, the factory system allowed ordinary Americans to own all kinds of things. There were more goods to buy, and they became cheaper as methods of manufacturing continued to improve. For example, the first cars were so expensive that only rich people could afford to buy them but cars became cheaper when Ford invented the moving assembly line and the work went faster.
1: Tariffs encourage Americans to buy U.S.-made products. (Points: 13) I find this position to be valid. Tariffs are basically taxes on imports, thus making imported goods more expensive to buy (Nickels, McHugh & McHugh, 2008, p. 75). Protective tariffs are designed to raise the retail price of imported products so that domestic goods are more competitively priced (Nickels, McHugh & McHugh, 2008, p. 76). Therefore, if when a consumer enters a store and sees similarly priced products, one imported and one made domestically, they can choose a US made product without feeling as if they are overpaying for the same product.
Trade Most goods we buy have a label on them. This ‘made in’ label tells us where the items have been produced and therefore from where they were imported from. The exchange of goods and services between nations is trade. International trade is based on a country specializing in producing a surplus of gods it can produce most efficiently in order to gain a competitive advantage. Trade allows for: businesses to grow and create more jobs, a wider choice of goods and services often at cheaper prices, economic growth and the strengthening of strategic and political ties between nations.
Apart from the social injustices, the progression and good far outweighed the bad. It was two steps forward and one step back while the economic effects were one huge leap forward and a just as big step back. There were more than a handful of inventions and discoveries that revolutionized American society, led to urban sprawl, made tasks exponentially easier, and were the centerpiece for recreation. Cars were mass produced and people decided to live outside the cities and take vacations more frequently. They produced many new jobs with the need for new roads since the American landscape was drastically expanding.
Immigration Allowance The foundation of America was built by immigrants. Without immigrants we wouldn’t have the cultures and traditions we utilize today to establish our American identity. Immigrants, legal or illegal, have contributed positively to the economy by taking low end jobs, establishing their own businesses and engendering jobs for others, and they’ve helped develop cutting-edge technologies. Immigrants outdo low-skilled Americans for jobs, because according to Economic Edge immigrants are more motivated and productive. According to the Foreign Policy Initiative, “an estimated 4.7 million U.S. workers are employed by immigrant owned firms accumulating some $776 billion in revenue.
A political change in the 1920 was the election of Calvin Coolidge. He supported the expansion of businesses in the U.S. He also followed the economical policies, which lowered taxes on businesses and reduce regulation on business. He also allowed the stock market to be created. The stock market was a place where you could invest in stocks basically buying a share in a certain business.
These early ideas made it possible for the different views of the rich and working class to have their own set representation as needed when capitalism, or free market enterprise, and common wealth made its way into American economy. Free market enterprise was a way for the artisans, or skilled workers, to make money by producing and selling their products. As technology advanced and more inventions were being created there also came better, cheaper, and faster ways of producing mass amounts of the same products. Factories and new means of transportation made it possible for industrialization to make a rise and excel American economy. While business was great for the owners of these companies and those who could afford better living it was a completely different story for the factory workers and artisans.
Mellon was a multi-millionaire from Pittsburgh who had a lot of experience with economics. Mellon knew that a great economy is the result of great businesses and he therefore favored higher protective tariffs and lower taxes. As a result of Mellon’s influences, Harding signed the Budget Accounting Act in 1921 which improved the budgeting procedures of the federal government. This effectively put more control over the economy in the hands of the government, which was the right thing to do at that time period. In 1922, the Harding administration passed the Fordney-McCumber Act which helped the president determine differences in production costs on an international level.
Outsourcing brings proven benefits in the form of economic leveraging, increase in the quality of products and it provides a number of opportunities to less developed countries. For example in recent times, Americans are overwhelmingly supporting the major retail stores like Wal-Mart, Target and K-Mart. The reason behind this consumer loyalty is that it has become much easier to shop at these locations rather than the local mom and pop stores located on the corner of most neighborhoods. The benefit is that you can purchase everything on your shopping list from one location, saving you time, money and gasoline. In a highly competitive business world, on a firm’s priority list is the subject of increasing profit and reducing cost.
(Imperatone, W. 1992) American companies would negotiate with these countries because of cheap labor, which would allow American products to be made at a decreased cost. Another reason was that foreign land had an abundant of raw materials that could easily be used in the American Industries. American Imperialism gave a purpose to the US, versus what other countries were doing at the time. Countries like Germany, Great Britain, Belgium, Spain, Panama and Japan were expanding their borders, negotiating new trade markets demonstrating their strength and power. As the Unites States was growing, they also sought to protect its overseas territories like the Midway Islands, Hawaii, Guam, and Samoa.