War For Independence Essay

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Chapter 4 Summary The War for Independence The Stirrings of Rebellion The heavy costs of the French & Indian War convinced the British government that additional revenues should be raised from the American colonists Parliament, persuaded by Prime Minister Grenville, passed the Stamp Act in 1765, the first tax levied directly on the colonists, on their goods and services (previous taxes had been duties, or tariffs, on imports) Special stamped paper was required for documents and paper items, including pamphlets and newspapers, affecting everyone Many colonists lost respect for British authority and anger rose against the King and Parliament The Sons of Liberty, an organization formed by Samuel Adams and others, harassed British officials and protested against the tax Stamp agents resigned throughout the colonies and colonial legislatures, led by Virginia leaders such as Patrick Henry, passed resolutions saying only colonial assemblies could tax the colonists, "no taxation without representation (in Parliament)" 9 of 13 colonies met in New York City as part of the Stamp Act Congress saying Parliament had no right to levy taxes on the colonists, issuing a Declaration of Rights and Grievances Hundreds of colonial merchants agreed to a non-importation policy--a boycott of British goods--until the tax was repealed The boycott was a serious threat to the policy of mercantilism because 40% of British manufactured goods were purchased by American colonists The actions were successful: in 1766 the Stamp Tax was repealed; however Parliament passed the Declaratory Act, reminding the colonists it had the right to govern them In 1767 Parliament passed the Townshend Acts, duties on imported goods such as paper, glass, lead, paint and tea; provoking resistance and anger again in the colonies Seizing of John Hancock's Liberty ship resulted in riots in Boston; 4,000
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