Therefore, if MPC and consumer confidence is at a low, consumers will spend less and save more therefore resulting in a decrease in total consumption levels. This consequently will result in an increase in taxation, as there is a decrease in the circular flow of income, meaning governments have to increase taxes in compensation for the lack of spending. Due to this taxation increase the level of real disposable income, or RDI, amongst consumers will decrease and therefore decreasing consumer
Mechanically how is your strategy different than your best strategies in 4a Strategy 6 : Inventory Management in Price Cutoffs = 10 could be improved with a small tweak on the preloaded strategy. The cutoff could be reduced from 10 to say 5-6. Why does the change in 5a work better? With the tweaked strategy 6, the reduced cut-off will ensure that the inventory be cut down quickly when the overnight volatility and order processing costs are relatively high. The bid-ask spread is also a cost to the dealer.
On the other side if the insurance rates are lowered, people would opt to buy more insurance, and in that case also insurance agents would make almost similar income as before because people are buying comparatively higher insurance but the rates are low. However, if the rates are regulated as in the case in some states, insurance agent will still make almost similar amounts as the insurance rates are regulated and demand is as much as it would be otherwise if the rates are not regulated. The long run and the short run do not refer to a specific period of time such as 3 months or 5 years. The difference between the short run and the long run is the flexibility decision makers have. "The short run is a period of time in which the quantity of at least one input is fixed and the quantities of the other inputs can be varied.
This method I believe is more accurate in maintaining financial records at the end of the year and providing a better financial look into how a company is managing. Cash accounting is when companies record revenue only when cash has been received. Cash accounting even if the service was rendered if no cash was received the company will not record the expense. By only recording expenses when bills are paid, the company may be able to shift expenses into other periods in order to make the company look more profitable simply by manipulating when payments are made. This can make the financial statements misleading.
Ratio | Formula | Amaon 2013 | eBay 2013 | Debt Ratio | TL/TA | | | In leverage ratio, I choose debt ratio, eBay is 24.6% while Amazon is 54.8%. In this ratio, eBay is lower than Amazon which means eBay has less debt should to pay than Amazon. EBay’s assets are financed more through equity than debt compare to Amazon, illustrated that eBay has a lower risk in operation. In addition, eBay may have more borrowing capacity and financial flexible to enlarge its business than Amazon. Let’s see some profitability ratio to have some in-depth discussion.
Last-in first out is usually known as inventory profit, and when prices are decreasing in the market the situation is reversed. Using either last-in first out (LIFO) or first-in first out has its benefits for both forms, last-in first out (LIFO) is able to match the current value because it is using the most recent cost of purchase, and it also provides the user with a lower income tax when prices within the market are rising. When looking at first-in first out (FIFO) you are reporting the most current costs on the balance sheet, and thus you are paying the lower tax payment when prices are decreasing. When the expense of overhead is discussed, it can become extremely difficult for a manager to classify; this is because all of the costs that go into running a business are placed under this topic. Many managers have found it easier to breakdown these overhead costs into production cost, selling cost or administrative cost.
In order to combat this deficit spending, taxes are increased to generate more revenue to pay off this spending. In response, consumers will spend less money and save more, thus causing a decrease in consumption and less money in the economy. Soon, there is a decrease in investment because products are not being sold. Prices drop, and the economy lowers into a recession.
Also, Inditex has less operation expenses than H&M’s. All of these imply that Inditex is able to operate with high net profit margins. When the capital efficiency is considered, Inditex is less efficient in terms of capital than H&M due to some indicators. First is that working capital of H&M is higher than Inditex’s which can calculated by extracting other non-current assets from total assets and found as 2129 for H&M and 2082 for Inditex. Other indicator is ROA which can be calculated by dividing net income to total assets.
• Would need to reduce working capital by $260M • Would need to increase gross margins by 328bps • If growth is so important, then a price raise would likely slow that. The DPO change needed to self-finance is likely too aggressive. I would try to get half through DPO improvements and the other half through debt. This roughly doubles their debt. (But
A regressive tax in one in which the percentage decreases as the taxpayers’ income rises. Lower-income earners pay a larger percentage of their income in tax than higher income earners. Therefore such a tax places a larger burden on lower income households than it does on higher income earners. Almost every national government uses regressive taxes to raise a significant portion of its tax revenues. Indirect taxes such as VAT, GST and sales taxes are in fact regressive taxes, placing a larger burden on those whose ability to pay is lower and a smaller burden on the higher –income earners whose ability to pay is greater.