Wake Up Call : End the Nightmare of Consumption Essay

605 Words3 Pages
Drought conditions in Pakistan Drought is now a frequent occurrence in the country, in fact the drought of 1998-2002 was considered the worst drought in 50 years. These droughts have become one of the most prominent reasons for poor growth in the regions of Baluchistan. Specifically, the western and central parts of the Baluchistan province remain vulnerable to these droughts almost all year round. The major reason for this natural phenomena's frequent manifestation is when the monsoon season fails to deliver plentiful rains, the drought emerges. There are many types of drought but Pakistan is mostly the victim of Meteorological drought, this involves a reduction in rainfall for a fixed period below a specific amount, usually defined as a proportion of the long term average for that same period specified. Though this definition only specifies the precipitation aspects of the drought, this drought further leads to Agricultural and Hydrological droughts in the region. Drought conditions usually start when the rain producing system fail to deliver rain successively over a vulnerable zone. Winter rainfall fails generally when western disturbances move on to the vulnerable area from the west (at 35 N or higher) causing the Sindh province and parts of Baluchistan to completely go dry. This situation which occurs quite frequently gets aggravated in the months of April and May, as dryness increases due to the high temperatures which are a common feature of these months. Hence, evapotranspiration greatly increases and leads to a perpetual drought. Moreover during the summer months from June to September, if a monsoon low or a monsoon depression does not reach our areas from the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal where it forms, then monsoon rains are scanty in the northern parts of the country. These northern regions include northern parts of Punjab, NWFP and the northern

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