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Voting Rights on African Amercians 13th and 15th Amendent Essay

  • Submitted by: kiarra
  • on January 27, 2013
  • Category: History
  • Length: 389 words

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Below is an essay on "Voting Rights on African Amercians 13th and 15th Amendent" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

To former abolitionists and to the Radical Republicans in Congress who fashioned Reconstruction after the Civil War, the 15th amendment, enacted in 1870, appeared to signify the fulfillment of all promises to African Americans. Set free by the 13th amendment, with citizenship guaranteed by the 14th amendment, black males were given the vote by the 15th amendment. From that point on, the freedmen were generally expected to fend for themselves. In retrospect, it can be seen that the 15th amendment was in reality only the beginning of a struggle for equality that would continue for more than a century before African Americans could begin to participate fully in American public and civic life.

African Americans exercised the franchise and held office in many Southern states through the 1880s, but in the early 1890s, steps were taken to ensure subsequent “white supremacy.” Literacy tests for the vote, “grandfather clauses” excluding from the franchise all whose ancestors had not voted in the 1860s, and other devices to disenfranchise African Americans were written into the constitutions of former Confederate states. Social and economic segregation were added to black America’s loss of political power. In 1896 the Supreme Court decision Plessy v. Ferguson legalized “separate but equal” facilities for the races. For more than 50 years, the overwhelming majority of African American citizens were reduced to second-class citizenship under the “Jim Crow” segregation system. During that time, African Americans sought to secure their rights and improve their position through organizations such as National Association for the Advancement of Colored People and the National Urban League and through the individual efforts of reformers like Booker T. Washington, W.E.B. DuBois, and A. Philip Randolph.

The most direct attack on the problem of African American disfranchisement came in 1965. Prompted by reports of continuing discriminatory voting practices in many Southern...

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"Voting Rights on African Amercians 13th and 15th Amendent". Anti Essays. 17 Feb. 2019


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Voting Rights on African Amercians 13th and 15th Amendent. Anti Essays. Retrieved February 17, 2019, from the World Wide Web: https://www.antiessays.com/free-essays/Voting-Rights-On-African-Amercians-13Th-394235.html