Francois’ Candide, bashed the Christian power among many other things and was seen as a major contributor to the idealists of the Enlightenment. Voltaire was able to utilize Candide to demonstrate the most prominent issues of the Enlightenment period such as the hubris of nobility, how optimism and rationality is able to lessen the evils rendered by humans and criticize the revolution itself simultaneously. Even though the symbol of optimism is a key focus of satire in Candide, Voltaire did make sure that he pointed out the flaws of so called “Nobility” and its need of change in the new Enlightenment age. Voltaire ridiculed the nobles, along with their beliefs, showing readers that the previous way of nobility was arrogant and showed how change of this thought was important in the enlightenment period. Voltaire displayed this idea primarily through two main characters in Candide; the first was with Don Fernando and second was with Cunegund and her family.
Henry VIII began his reign as a loyal Catholic, accepting the Pope as head of the Church. The Pope even gave Henry the title, ‘Defender of the Faith’. This was a reward for writing a book that defended the Pope against criticism from a German reformer called Martin Luther. However, things did not stay the same - Henry VIII and the Pope had a quarrel. It was over Henry’s marriage to Catherine of Aragon.
Hank is not a fan of Catholicism to say the least: “There you see the hand of that awful power, the Roman Catholic Church. In two or three little centuries it had converted a nation of men to a nation of worms” (43). Hank experiences that without title and heritage people are nothing in King Arthur’s time and he feels this is because of the church. He says that the church “invented the divine right of kings” (44). He is also proud that his knights who carry advertisements will influence people in a way that the Church cannot control: “This would undermine the Church.
* Why Martin Luther became disillusioned with the Church of Rome * Martin Luther was one of the most influential figures in Christian history. He was a controversial figure in the Reformation movement. In this essay, the intent is to point out the reason as to why Martin Luther was disappointed with the methods and intention of the Roman Church. How he entered into monastery work, how his Catholic upbringing contributed, and his 95 theses on the issue of indulgences. * Martin Luther was born on November 10, 1483, in Roman Catholicism in the small town of Eisleben, Saxony, in modern southeast Germany.
A nun would not take that much care into table mannerisms and her appearance. As a nun you are required to dedicate yourself and your life to god. But however, the Prioress displays, ‘a brooch of gold ful sheene,’ and it engraves ‘Amor vincit omnia,’ which is ‘love conquers all’ in the Latin language. This representation is used to question the Prioress’s faithfulness to god, as ‘Amor vincit omnia’ would most commonly describe a love for a man, not god. The Prioress wears a wimple and a sophisticated cloak that has an expensive look to it, that is a distinct characteristic nuns are virtually prohibited to do.
He believed that the Catholic church was corrupt for selling indulgences as penance for sins in that the sale was a way for the Church to exploit the unfortunate and poor (Reformation 5). The final push for the need to change was the English reformation. During King Henry VIII’s rule in the sixteenth century, the Church of England was formed. He established the church because the Pope of the Catholic Church would not grant him a divorce from his wife, Catherine of Aragon. The Anglican church had many similarities to the Catholic church: similar rituals and a bible titled the Book of Common Prayere (Reformation 9).
Relativism Relativism The article of “Some Moral Minima” written by Lenn Goodman, discusses issues in our society he believes to be truly unethical and wrong. Some cultures believe the things mentioned by Goodman to be ethical and acceptable in their culture because it is they way they way have been doing things for many years. Some points discussed by Goodman are genocide, terrorism, and rape. The first example from Goodman is genocide, the murdering or extermination of an entire race or culture. Mass murder is compared to genocide and an example would be when nations or groups are at war with each other.
(lines 157-162 Gen. Prologue) In this excerpt, Chaucer is describing the clothes of the Prioress. Something that as a woman who is devoted to God should not really care bout. The characters of the Pardoner and the Summoner symbolize the widespread corruption that is happening in the church at that time. They both have the authority to forgive sin and they exploit it for profit. Chaucer has a really great way of taking a stereotype or a cross-section and makes them unique.
Another church idea is from document 5, which is an excerpt from The Second Book of Homilies, which was produced by bishops of England, and it was authorized by Elizabeth I. It discusses the idea that men should be the ones leading and holding the power while women should cease from commanding and perform subjection. One last opposition from the church is explored in document 7. Edward Rishton, a Roman Catholic priest, discusses his hate for the fact that she is becoming more important than religious church figures, one example would be that the people are praising Elizabeth’s birthday more than the feast of the Mother of God. During this time there were also because who opposed the view of the church and accepted the fact that Elizabeth was their leader.
In the Catechism of the Catholic Church, paragraph 2376 states that “Techniques that entail the dissociation of husband and wife, by the intrusion of a person other than the couple (donation of sperm or ovum, surrogate uterus), are gravely immoral”. This immoral act stems from the belief that infidelity is being committed when a third party is introduced, as procreation is a sanctioned act between husband and wife and should never be violated. Stephen A. Cooper, Ph.D, a professor of religious studies at Franklin & Marshall College, says that the fundamental values associated with assisted reproductive technology are the life of the potential child and the nature of the creation of human life in marriage. Surrogacy contradicts the unity of marriage and the dignity of the child brought into existence (The Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith). The Donum Vitae states that surrogate motherhood offends “maternal love, conjugal fidelity, and responsible motherhood,” as well as “the dignity and the right of the child to be conceived, carried in the womb, brought into the world and brought up by his own parents”.