Voltaire’s Candide- Satirical Analysis of Hypocrisy

815 Words4 Pages
Name Instructor’s name Course no. Date Voltaire’s Candide- satirical analysis of hypocrisy In Voltaire’s Candide, the author explores the life in Europe during the enlightenment period, while at the same time addressing issues that needed to be reformed. One of the pertinent issues that needed revolutionizing had to do with the hypocritical nature of the European population. Ranging from hypocritical religious leaders, and political leaders, to hypocritical men, the whole of Europe was utterly hypocritical. This hypocrisy, in Voltaire’s view, needed to be stumped out so as to transform life in Europe. The church, as depicted in Voltaire’s work, is one of the most hypocritical places. Although the priests and other religious leaders preach the idea of a perfect world, created by a perfect God, they fail to practice this perfection. For example, as Candide and Cunegonde are talking to an old woman, the latter reveals that she is the daughter of Pope Urban X and of the Princess of Palestrina (Voltaire 24). The satire in this is that catholic priests are meant to be celibate, therefore, raising questions as to how a pope would sire a daughter. Nonetheless, the pope is not the only catholic priest known to have had sexual relations with a woman. According to Voltaire (18), when the grand catholic inquisitor saw Cunegonde at mass, he admired her so much that he instructed the court banker to take Cunegonde in, and the two men would be sharing her. In this scenario, it is not only odd that an inquisitor keeps a mistress, but the fact that he shares her with another man is far worse. Religious leaders are not the only ones whose hypocrisy is satirized by Voltaire. The very authorities that are supposed to ensure the safety and wellbeing of the citizens are to blame for enslavement, oppression, and killings. For instance, according to

More about Voltaire’s Candide- Satirical Analysis of Hypocrisy

Open Document