Virtue Ethics Question Of Rightness

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A debated topic in moral theory is the debate of the rightness of actions. In some cases, such as agent-based virtue ethics, intent of the action is the determining factor. In other cases, the outcomes of actions are the determining factor. Both of these seem intuitively possible, but which is correct? It seems that only focusing on the final outcome may lead to morally wrong actions. Because of this, the intent of actions, regardless of how things may turn out, seems as if it should be a strong indicator of the morality of an action. A highly discussed topic in ethics is the debate between killing and letting die. Under almost all circumstances and moral theories, murder is considered wrong, while letting die necessarily isn’t. But why is this the case? If there is an action that can prevent a life from being saved but one chooses not to act on it, this seems like a type of murder. Intuitions about this have been debated and it seems an agent-based virtue ethics view has the best view to explain that killing or letting die are equally bad. This agent-based view determines the rightness of an action by considering the intent of an action and makes a strong claim for the best way to judge the morality of actions. A situation was discussed in class that included two uncles that would come into money if a nephew were to pass away. In one case, during a bath one uncle drowns the nephew to collect the money. In another case, the other uncle, planning to attempt the same murder, walks in and the nephew trips and is knocked unconscious landing in the water and the uncle merely makes sure he drowns. It is argued that committing murder is worse than the second case where the uncle only watches the nephew die. It seems plausible that this be the case, especially because of how the legal system would treat both of these incidents in court. If the first uncle were to

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