The contingency theory is based on the approach to achieve specific goals, such as crime control. This theory would suggest the creation of specialized “task forces” to handle certain crimes committed in the jurisdiction. The downfall with this theory is that a department can become too specialized and broken into different departments that it cannot adapt to changes. The final theory, resource dependency, is as the name suggests. Agencies following this theory would believe that in order to survive they need to adjust their policing efforts to a style that will yield the most money coming in.
Diversity works to change the culture of that organization. Diversity realizes the value in a mixture of varying cultures, backgrounds, and experiences. So, instead of accomplishing the diversity of college students admitted, it is acting as reverse discrimination. What is affirmative action though; it is the practice, which emerged in the 1960s as a result of efforts by the civil rights movement to get America to honor its original contract, that "all (people)are created equal." This process is done usually by institutions of giving preference to racial minorities or women when hiring, giving awards, or deciding whom to admit.
The police exhibit this form of masculinity through intimidation, verbal and at times physical violence. This idea of masculinity in the police force allows for justification for maltreatment. C.A.J Coady and Tony Coady states “police often face allegations that they exceed their legitimate coercive power by the use of inappropriate violence; that they are violent beyond their warrant” Coady and Coady 5). The paper will evaluate the relationship of power and control between masculine and feminine identities as it transcends through the practice of policing. Within the macrosystem of the police force, the qualities of power and control are aspects of patriarchal masculinity which attributes to the root cause of physical and verbal violence.
Therefore, a compromise must be made because it would be ideological to believe that there can be a government that bans the use of racial identification. Lastly, one must remember that all men are created equal legally and politically. In the field of law enforcement, police officers use certain techniques to describe individuals they pull over or arrest. One of the most controversial means of identifying people is racial profiling. This is “the practice by law enforcement of considering race as an indicator of the likelihood of criminal behavior” (Robinson 530).
Tommy Ly 10/13/11 Module Six Class Debate Community Oriented Policing (COP) versus Special Weapons and Tactics (SWAT) Community-Oriented Policing Community-Oriented Policing grew out of public dissatisfaction with police forces that were perceived as “occupying armies” rather than public servants—and with police concerns about increasing calls for service. The idea behind COP is that if police departments can work with other agencies and community groups to address underlying problems, the quality of life for citizens will improve, and police calls for service will decline. Policing under the COP model is multi-dimensional and proactive, depending heavily on officers' abilities to took at situations from a “big-picture” perspective and to problem-solve creatively. The COP approach means that officers use a range of skills: social work, negotiation, grass-roots organizing, planning, and others. Citizens get to know officers as human beings, not just “robo-cops” in blue.
Mantsios uses statistical evidence, data, and multiple examples (myth and reality) in the article to explain these class divisions. With the fact that class standings determine the outcome of life chances, there are also issues of race and gender that corresponds into class. In society today, sexism and racism still exists, and no matter what position of class women and members of minorities are in, institutional forces will hold them down precisely because of their gender or race. This makes the chances of being poor in America for women and minorities much higher. White males have a much higher chance of not being poor rather than white females and other races.
The idea behind this research is to try and point out some of the disparities in sentencing, and possibly offer some potential ways to reduce the problem. “Racial disparity in sentencing, historical representation of current biases, plea bargaining and racial profiling are all factors contributing to the current over-representation of minorities in the judicial system, further threatening the African American community and weakening the family. Aggregate data and statistics compiled supports the assumption that African Americans are disproportionately subjected to conditions such as racial profiling, traffic stops leading to searches and seizures yielding minor offenses that lead to incarceration, rather than probation or rehabilitation. Further, they are given much longer, disparate prison sentencing than white offenders under similar circumstances. These systematic disparate treatments contribute to a dysfunctional community and lead to the socioeconomic destruction of the African American family infrastructure.” (Coulson-Clark, et.
The United States Judicial System and Racial Profiling ENG 122 Lisa M. Carlo May 27, 2013 The United States Judicial System and Racial Profiling There is reluctance in American society to talk about race and crime because race is a touchy subject. Everything in today's society has to be politically correct. One has to be very careful what they write or say because of the fear of what might happen if someone misunderstood what the real meaning to their statement was. For that reason, when a person talks about race and crime many individuals may interpret their opinions differently. Therefore, many people try to avoid talking about such controversial subjects.
It is usually recommended that any career use honesty as a quality, but it is extremely important that criminal justice professionals have honesty as well. Law enforcement is occasionally known for being corrupt, and it is so important for our law enforcement officers to be truthful on all applications, reports, and everyday work. This provides for more efficient and trustworthy public servants. The most important reason for honesty is simply to ensure that the innocent stay that way and are not caught in the lies of the accusers. Criminal justice professionals play an important role in the court system, and if they lie on accusations and evidence, the innocent become victims of the dishonesty.
To cut the story short, the minority may have better academic scores or performances, they need to face the reality that opportunities of employment and promotion are still being mainly preserved for the white. So, before discussing the racial, gender makeup of the police force resemble the makeup of the community it serves, we cannot oversee the obstacles of the minority of being put and promoted in certain selected career field. If we trace the growing diversity that now exists in American police departments, meanwhile, we will not be surprised that the disparity and ratio of racial, ethnic, gender makeup of the police force to the communities is outstanding. All police departments are called on to enforce the laws and maintain public safety and public order. In order to better facilitate public safety and serve the communities, better strategic designs, tactical approaches, organizational structuring are expected.