Hildegard Peplau, Joyce Travelbee, and Ida Jean Orlando focused their nursing practice to establish therapeutic relations with patients to promote health and healing. Peplau considers nurse-patient relationship as being central to care. Nursing cannot occur if there is no relationship, or connection, between the patient and the nurse (Parker & Smith, 2010). Human to Human Relationship Model Theory of Travelbee is about the interrelation of the nurse and the patient. The nurse provides care and meets the basic needs while the patient will cooperate for its faster recovery.
During any given shift, nurses are using several theories in ensuring that patients’ needs are being met and proper care is given to ensure the best possible outcomes. Generations ago nursing was not recognized as a profession, but as an occupation. Nurses were seen as an extension of physicians, performing redundant tasks as instructed. To gain the respect and recognition of a profession, it was important to demonstrate the characteristic of a profession. The characteristics are: 1, Specific knowledge base.\ 2.
Practical Nursing Philosophy It seems that when we begin to see our profession as how it defines us we begin to look at it almost microscopically. You know this begins to happen when you begin to examine your personal nursing philosophy. Nurses that help comfort the families and patients need to have some personal reflection of their beliefs. These beliefs evolve with every nursing experience and a constant check of our ethical values and philosophy helps us only to become a better nurse. Philosophy can be defined as an integration of one’s own beliefs that explains relationships about a phenomenon in order to understand and make predictions.
Her care is not directly with the patient, but her job effects the patient directly. As stated by the infection control nurse, she deals with preventing hospital acquired infections by making sure all staff members follow the policies. When giving direct patient care, the staff nurse states she does this by having open and clear communication, listening and exceeding patient expectations. Each nurse has different experiences with the roles of other nurses. For example, the staff nurse and administration nurse states that the CNS is aware of populations with Interviews NVT2 Task #2 3
Relationship between Nursing Process and Peplau’s Model Peplau’s key concept focuses around the therapeutic nurse-client relationship which develops through overlapping and interlocking phases of orientation, working, and resolution through which the nurse-client relationship evolves throughout the patient’s healing process (Blais & Hayes, 2011). Peplau’s therapeutic nurse-client relationship phases and the nursing process goes hand in hand. The nursing process of assessing applies to Peplau’s orientation phase of gathering data, actively listening, building trust, and reducing any anxiety (Videbeck, 2011). This takes place in the beginning of the therapeutic relationship and it differs from other patient relationships because it focuses on only the needs of the patient (Videbeck, 2011). The nurse is responsible for setting the parameters of the meetings and then providing the client with direction.
She defined self-care as, “the practice of activities that individuals personally initiate and perform on their own behalf in maintaining life, health, and well-being” (Nursing Theory, 2013). The purpose of this paper is to describe Dorothea Orem’s theory and to identify how this theory can be implemented by a nursing leader in a healthcare organization. Orem addressed a person as a human being, with three characteristics that separate them from any living creature, they include the abilities to contemplate on their situation, to indicate their feeling and express their needs, and superior intelligence to correspond and invent needed item that will advance themselves and society. Orem recognized that each human being has the prospective abilities to gain knowledge and continue to improve. She felt that each human being has a collection of roles which include self concepts, body image, personal and social relationships that places them in this high functioning category of living creatures.
Nursing Consideration for Providing Supporting Care for the Terminally Ill Patient Nursing Consideration for Providing Supporting Care for the Terminally Ill Patient In 1716, Christopher Bullock wrote “‘tis impossible to be sure of anything but Death and Taxes.” Death being one of these inevitabilities hopefully leaves you more empathetic in life and in offering supportive care. There are many different ways of providing care for a terminally ill patient. None more important that offering patient supportive based care. Family members may find it challenging, both physically and emotionally, caring for a terminally ill loved one, but need to be aware of their own feelings and make decisions based on the what is best for the suffering person. A caregiver, while providing supporting care can instill a sense of strength.
Watson's Theory of Human Caring Deborah Bahador NUR/403 August 30,2010 Kimberly Frommel Watson's Theory of Human Caring Dr. Jean Watson developed a theory of human caring that I believe is essential to nursing. Caring is at the core of nursing and if nurses don’t care for our patients than they shouldn’t be nurses at all. With this our jobs become a gratifying profession as opposed to an ordinary job. According to Cara, (1991), “Upholding Watson’s caring theory not only allows the nurse to practice the art of caring, to provide compassion to ease patients’ and families’ suffering, and to promote their healing and dignity, but it can also contribute to expand the nurse’s own actualization (p. 51) According to Bailey, (2009), “Watson’s theory of human care proposes that caring might transform health care and preserve human dignity in the health care system (p. 19). If nurses are applying Watson’s theory to their practice, the result should be a continual transformation in health care.
Quality of Life and Functioning The American Nurses Association Code of Ethics states several behaviors that are expected in the provision of healthcare, including allowing patients the right to autonomy and treating all patients equally and with respect. Along those same lines, nurses are expected to be aware of their own values and morals, and exhibit moral self-respect. Additionally, nurses must uphold their responsibility to act as patient advocates, be committed to the care of their patients, and must work with the interdisciplinary team to ensure that patients are receiving the most efficient and effective care possible (“Code of Ethics,” 2010). A. Personal Perceptions Caring for terminally ill patients can be a daunting task for all involved, whether it is for the patient, friends or family, or the nurse or other clinicians.
Developing Communication Skills In Nursing Essay Nurses largely affect society in the health care system by helping, supporting and caring for an individual, a whole family or even an entire community. While in the medical surroundings, the nurse becomes the primary contact for the patient in care and spends a lot of time with them. Before approaching a nursing care situation a nurse needs to clear all judgments and respect every individual, as there are many different religions, morals and personal beliefs in the world today. Therefore nurses need to develop the ability of quality communication skills which helps to create great interpersonal relationship skills in nursing. Communication and interviewing are both skills needed to develop interpersonal relationships within the nursing environment.