The way in which a nurse practices can greatly affect the outcome of the patient (Potter & Perry, 2006). For this reason, nursing practices based on theories and concepts should be researched. The process of using concepts, theories, research and practices to form rationales usually begins with a concept or theory and is cyclic in nature, as each component may lead to the other (see Appendix A). In the nursing profession, several concept-directed theories guide both research and practice. The purpose of this paper is to select and analyze one of the many nursing theories that exist.
Scenario A female is referred to home health services for skilled nursing evaluation, and observation. The patient was discharged from the hospital a few weeks ago diagnosed with a Cerebrovascular Accident (CVA). The skilled nurse was recommended to teach, train, and monitor the effectiveness of new prescribed Coumadin therapy. Standardized Terminology Application The registered nurse selected the appropriate clinical diagnoses using the North American Nursing Diagnosis Association (NANDA) terminology based on patient’s actual needs, and comprehensive assessment. The care plan was created using a linkage between diagnoses, interventions and patients’ desirable goals.
I n 1960, still a teenager, Bath won the "Merit Award" of Mademoiselle Magazine for her contribution to the project. After graduating high school early, Bath received her Bachelor of Arts in chemistry from New York's Hunter College in 1964. She relocated to Washington, D.C. to attend Howard University College of Medicine, from which she received her doctoral degree in 1968. During her time at Howard, she was president of the Student National Medical Association and
MaryMary Eliza Mahoney was the first black professional nurse in America. She was born April 16, 1845, in Boston, the oldest of three children. At the age of 18, Mary decided to pursue the dream of being a nurse. When she was 33, she was accepted in New England Hospital for Women and Children’s nursing school. Of the 42 students who stated that year, she was one of the first four to graduate that following year.
Jean Watson was born in West Virginia US. She attained her BSN in Nursing in 1964 from the University of Colorado, MS in 1966 and her Ph.D. in 1973 also from University of Colorado, MS. Jean Watson is the Dean of Nursing at the University Health Sciences Center and President of the National League for Nursing. She has a Ph.D. in educational psychology and counseling with research centered in the area of human caring and loss. Jean Watson’s first book, “Nursing: the philosophy and science of caring”, was published in 1979 where she presented the Theory of Human Caring. Jean Watson published the theory of caring in 1988 named “nursing: human science and human care.” She was the founder of the in human caring which revolves around 10 Carative Factors that are essential for nursing and caring (Alligood 2010).
Biography of Ann McAllister Olivarius The British-American lawyer Ann McAllister Olivarius, was born in 1955 in Brooklyn, New York. During 1972, she studied at Piura, Peru as an AFS exchange student and became conversant in Spanish. Ann Olivarius continued to attend Yale College, graduating summa cum laude in 1977 and during her years at Yale, established an Undergraduate Women’s Caucus involving activism for human rights, in particular equalising the position of women at Yale. During her junior year, Olivarius gained work experience by acting as an intern for the Administrative Assistant to the Chief Justice of the United States. In 1978 Olivarius was awarded one of only 32 American Rhodes Scholarships available.
She attended Smith College in Massachusetts and earned her degree in Mathematics with a minor in psychology in 1914. She went on to attend The University of Chicago in 1930 and received her Masters in Education. Finally, at the age of 53 she earned her Ph.D. in math from the Catholic University of America in 1943. The title of her dissertation was "The Determination of Sets of Independent Conditions Characterizing Certain Special Cases of Symmetric Correspondences;" Contributions She made many contributions to her community and the public school system. She served as first vice president of the Archdiocesan Council of Catholic
Dr. Elizabeth Blackwell When she graduated from New York's Geneva Medical College, in 1849, Elizabeth Blackwell became the first woman in America to earn the M.D. degree. She supported medical education for women and helped many other women's careers. She also published several important books on the issue of women in medicine. Elizabeth Blackwell was born in Bristol, England in 1821, to Hannah Lane and Samuel Blackwell.
Dorothea Orem Self-Care Theory Dana Houston NUR 403 June 21, 2012 Liana Garrett Dorothea Orem Self-Care Theory Nursing Theorist Grid Use grid below to complete the Week 4-Nursing Theorists assignment. Please see the “Nursing Theorists’ Grading Criteria” document, located on the Materials page of the student Web site. Name: Dana Houston Theorist Selected: Dorothea Orem Description of Theory: Dorothea Orem believed that people should be self-reliant and responsible for their own care and others in their family needing care. The Self-Care Deficit Nursing Theory, also known the Orem Model of Nursing, was developed by Dorothea Orem between 1959 and 2001. It is considered a grand theory, which means the theory covers a broad scope with general concepts that can be applied to all instances of nursing.
Case Study Becka Becka is a fourth grade student at Otter Bay Elementary School in Squantoca, Oregon. She has had a clinical diagnosis since she was two, and has been receiving services through the schools since she was five. Becka is now nine years old, and receives special education services in the general classroom for the entirety of her school day. Her teacher, Daniel Redding, works closely with Becka’s parents, Kathleen and Brent, to assure that Becka is able to keep up with her IEP goals. Becka’s parents both work in the local hospital.