Victimology and Alternatives to the Traditional Criminal Justice System

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Victimology and Alternatives to the Traditional Criminal Justice System Criminological Theories CJA 540 Christopher Marco University of Phoenix June 8, 2009 Victimology and Alternatives to the Traditional Criminal Justice System Over the years there has been more emphasis being placed on victim’s rights. Victims have become the focus more after a crime has been committed against them and they try to bring their lives back to order. In the past it had always been catch the offender, have a trial and put them in prison. Recent years have brought to light a new form of justice for the victim and aiding in bringing them a new kind of justice after being victimized. There are numerous forms of justice that can be sought for the victim. Three types of these justices are shaming, peacemaking strategies, and restorative justice. Do these bring alternative forms of justice different from the traditional criminal justice system from the victim’s point of view? Shaming For nearly two centuries, using shame as a weapon against wrongdoing has steadily fallen into disfavor in the United States, even as it continues to be an essential part of social discourse in more traditional societies (Vedantam, 2006). After the rise of penitentiaries around 1800, the idea of shaming wrongdoers was replaced by more impersonal forms of punishment such as incarceration (Vedantam, 2006). Shaming was a powerful tool in years gone by and it can be once again if used in the right way. For example, if a criminal is acquitted from his charges then turns around after the trial and all has died down writes a book on the way he or she may committed the crime if they had done it. This was done by O.J. Simpson after he had been acquitted of all charges in the deaths of his ex wife, Nicole Brown Simpson, and Ronald Goldman. The book never made money because Simpson had been publicly shamed

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