Various Models Of The Criminal Process

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Juvenile Court Systems Yvonne M. Smith CJA/204 June 1, 2011 Jim Theis Juvenile Court Systems Based on the British concept that children under the age of 17 were not considered full of legal capacity and were perceived to be lacking in moral and educational standards, the state determined that it is the responsibility of the state to protect and intervene as an advocate or guardian in the event that the natural parents fail to provide adequate care and supervision. The primary goal of the Juvenile court is to provide various assistance programs to rehabilitate a juvenile offender rather than prosecute as the criminal justice system does an adult. Juvenile Court proceedings may be confidential to avoid stigmatization but in a criminal court case, the defendants and proceedings can be viewed. A juvenile offender will face a hearing. At that time the judge will review recommendations and examine the facts of the case to determine what course of rehabilitation is necessary. A youth offender may be detained for his own safety, while a defendant has the right to post bail or bond. A youth offender is considered to be judged as a delinquent but in a criminal court, a defendant may be found guilty or innocent. Over the year juvenile mechanisms have be set in place, depending on the certain criteria and the severity of the crimes, juveniles must meet these mechanics to determine if a juvenile should be tried as an adult in a criminal court. Legislation in the past has considered the elimination of juvenile courts because community perception that courts are too lenient on serious the crimes and rule unfairly on the minority and poor children. The repercussions of merging the juveniles and adult court systems will impact society economically and psychologically and would undermine the mission of establishing a court
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