Utilitarianism Essay

651 Words3 Pages
------------------------------------------------- Opening Scenarios ------------------------------------------------- 1. ------------------------------------------------- Car crash victims come to ER ------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------- 5 lives is greater than 1 life ------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------- 2. Needy transplant recipients ------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------- 5 organs needed, 1 person can give all 5 people organs ------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------- Same outcome, 5 saved, 1 dies ------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------- First scenario – right scenario, care about outcome ------------------------------------------------- Second scenario – care about the act (of taking someone’s life) ------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------- 2 Approaches: ------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------- Outcomes based approach ------------------------------------------------- Principles/actions based approach Ethics General underlying questions: * What should I do? * How do I know what is right? The central purpose of ethics it to secure valid principles of conuct and values that can be instrumental in guiding human actions and procuring good character (Louis J Pojman) Business Ethics * The application of moral principles and ethical standards to practice of business * Taking principles and taking to enact them in business world Ethical Theory Normative ethics concerns: *

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