Utilitarian Theory Essay

918 WordsNov 30, 20094 Pages
UTILITARIANISM THEORY Introduction Utilitarianism theory states that the moral value of an individual’s deed can be determined by the way it is effective in the long run. This means how an action is able to make an individual happy thus leading to the conclusion that the moral value of this action is determined by its end result. Scholars view utilitarianism to be the way people deny themselves to benefit the larger society. It hence advises that the end result of an individual’s actions is happiness and that whatever determines an individual’s actions as correct or incorrect is happiness and pain. This means that happiness is projected by pleasure when there is no pain and unhappiness when there is pain. The good value about this theory is that it is only required for its ability to accomplish the maximum good. This is because it is based on the capability to predict the penalty of an individual’s action. It is based on the fact that the choice that results to benefiting more people is ethically right. It is very useful in determining what options will be able to benefit more people by comparing predicted solutions that are related from a point system. Utilitarianism believes that happiness can be brought about by the urge to make others lives better; this means making other people happy. Another good value about this theory is the fact that it perceives ethics as a personal point and not a way of judging the deeds of other individuals or judging actions that have already been accomplished. In this theory morality is an important issue to look at before making a decision or taking any action. In this way intentions are the only things that have any value because the consequences cannot be known with conviction until a decision is made. Personally, I feel that this theory is unsatisfactory with how it deals with issues affecting

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