Using Material from Item a and Elsewhere Assess the View That Working-Class Children Under-Achieve Because They Are Culturally Deprived.

986 Words4 Pages
Cultural deprivation refers to a lack of the ‘cultural equipment’ they need to succeed in school, such as, language, attitudes and values and intellectual development. Many sociologists have stated that working class have lower educational achievement because they have not been socialised properly by their parent. . Using Item A and elsewhere I am going to assess the view that working class children underachieve because they are culturally deprived. Cultural deprivation can effect achievement due to lack of the right language skills. Bernstein (1975) identified that working class pupils use the restricted speech code, whereas, middle class use the elaborated speech code. The elaborated speech code allows middle class children to use a wider range of vocabulary and more complex sentences, on the other hand, working class use limited vocabulary, simple sentences and use lots of hand gestures when talking. Bernstein believed that it was the differences between the speech codes gave middle class children an advantage over working class children in school. This is because the elaborated code is used within textbooks, by teachers and is the language an examiner expects the child to use within their exam. Early socialisation means middle class children are already fluent using the elaborated code meaning they are more likely to succeed. However, Bernstein recognises that working class children fail because schools fail to teach them how to use the elaborated speech code; not because they are culturally deprived. Bereiter and Engelmann claim that the language used in lower class homes is deficient. They described that working class families use gestures, single word sentences and disjointed phrases when communicating. As a result the children do not gain the necessary language skills and are incapable of abstract thinking, and cannot use language to explain,
Open Document