Using Consequence Salience to Increase Future Condom Use by College Students
In this study there were sixty participants divided into two groups. Each group completed a pretest “I Believe Questionnaire,” viewed either one slideshow depicting STD-relevancy, or one sideshow about an reform act. After watching the slideshow, each participant was asked to complete the “I Believe Questionnaire Posttest.” Each session was concluded with a debriefing of participants. At the end of the study, condoms and chocolates were available to the participants as they left the room. The numbers of condoms taken were not reported or documented. The results for this study did not support prior research results.
USING CONSEQUENCE SALIENCE TO INCREASE FUTURE CONDOM USE BY COLLEGE STUDENTS
Condom use among college students has become an increasingly important topic as the spread of STDs increases and unintended pregnancy also increases. Research has indicated that if a sexually active teen does not use contraceptives, there is a 90 percent chance of pregnancy within one year. Research also has shown that among those who are sexually active, 48 percent of new cases of STDs occur among those aged 15 to 24 (Pregnant Teen Help, 2005). This is alarming because that age group, 15 to 24, represents only about 25 percent of the sexually active population (Pregnant Teen Help, 2005).
Among those who did use contraception, condoms are the third choice behind the pill and sterilization. This suggests that those who chose to use oral contraceptives (the pill) and sterilization (tubal litigation), the top two choices of birth control before condoms, were not getting protection from STDs (Guttmacher Institute, 1996). This led the researchers to believe that many females who used contraception for reduced risk of pregnancy were either unaware of the risks of STDs or did not find the risk of STDs as great as the risk of pregnancy...