Use of Juxaposition in All Quiet on the Western Front

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The use of juxaposition in all quiet on the western front In All Quiet on the Western Front, war is not only depicted as the literal and figurative decay of human morality rather, Erich Maria Remarque focuses on the significance of the contrasting the elements of war. By juxtaposing the nature and war imagery, the home front and the battlefield, and comradeship and dehumanization, Remarque portrays how war can be perceived as a union of opposing forces in a brilliant challenge of convention. First, Remarque portrays extensive nature and war imagery to a grand realization in the novel. Unlike novels of the time, Remarque makes no attempt to make war into a romantic love story; rather, he portrays wars’ gruesome reality “We see men living with their skulls blown open; we see soldiers run with their two feet cut off . . . a lance-corporal crawls a mile and a half on his hands dragging his smashed knee after him; another goes to his dressing station and over his clasped hands bulge his intestines . . . .” (134). Yet Remarque contrasts this utterly gruesome imagery with gorgeous descriptions of nature. Remarque shows that despite being surrounded by bloodshed and limbs of his fellow soldiers, the soldiers can still recognize beauty in a world that seems to have abandoned them. For instance, after he is relieved from frontline duty, Paul gains a deep reverence for the natural world around him: “We hear the muffled rumble of the front only as very distant thunder, bumblebees droning by quite drown it. Around us stretches the flowery meadow. The grasses sway their tall spears; the white butterflies flutter around and float on the soft warm wind of the late summer” (9). The beauty of this sense of f life is even more outstanding because it is the opposite to the death and bloodshed of war. The soldiers then develop an appreciation for the world, which
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