Use of Force Technology in Law Enforcement

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The various types of less than lethal devices used by police include OC spray, baton/ asp and Taser. The escalation of force for these less than lethal devices begin with OC and continue up to the Taser as the situation escalates. Oleoresin capsicum is made from the same chemical that makes chili peppers hot but at much higher concentrations. Manufacturers combine the concentrated oil with water, glycol and a propellant, such as nitrogen. The expandable baton is an impact weapon made up of steel and is a physical and psychological deterrent to aggression. It is typically used/ deployed when an assailant is actively resisting with intent to cause serious bodily harm or death. The Taser model currently used by law enforcement is the x26. It is an electronic control device that during a full probe deployment, will deliver about 1,200 peak volts of electricity for 5 seconds. There are advantages and disadvantages to these less than lethal devices. OC sprays most common disadvantage is accidental exposure. This is when the officer deploys his or her OC spray and unintentionally exposes their partner or themselves to the chemicals. Another disadvantage of OC is the assailants resistance to it. Some people have a greater resistance to OC for different reasons rendering it less effective than normal when deployed. The advantages of OC spray when deployed properly could cause eyes and mucous membranes of the upper respiratory tract, it causes pain, and often temporary blindness. It also causes psychological effects such as fear, anxiety and panic as well as swelling of mucous membranes of eyes, nose and throat, nasal and sinus discharge, coughing, shortness of breath, drying of the eyes, involuntary eye closure, painful burning of the skin, and hyperventilation . The expandable baton/ asp also has its advantages and disadvantages. The batons disadvantages are limited to

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