Along with the goal of removing Napoleon from Portugal, Brazil’s only set goal politically was to become independent. Because of Napoleon’s invasion of Spain starting in 1808, Mexico and other colonies started to become very passionate about having a revolution. On September 16, 1810, respected priest Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla issued the “Grito de Dolores” or Cry of Dolores which surmounted to Mexico declaring war against the Spanish government in the colonies. The ultimate goal was to be free from Spanish rule and have an independent government. Hidalgo sparked a bloody ten year war that ended over 300 years of colonial rule, thus achieving the initial intent (history.com The Struggle for Mexican Independence).
On November 8th 1519, Don Hernando Cortes and six hundred Spaniards entered the city of Mexico. In Xoloco, Motecuhzoma’s originally thought that these spanish men were prince Quetzalcoatl and other gods. Yet they were far from gods. They were not there to answer all their prayers and hopes but were there to take over the Aztec Capital. On August 13, 1521, the Aztec capital surrendered to Cortes.
1. Fernando Cortes was a Spanish conquistador who led an expedition that caused the fall of the Aztec Empire. In his First Letter to King Charles I of Spain dating to July 10, 1519, Fernando Cortes provided a detailed account of his activities in Mexico. He described the country as rich in resources and its native people as savage barbarians who sacrifice their own persons for their idols. Cortes wrote that in the short time they explored the lands, the expedition has discovered that everything that King Solomon brought for the Temple existed in this country.
The mixture unfortunately only yielded tragedy. The question-at-hand can be evaluated by examining two significant sources: Bartolomé de las Casas’ A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies to King Phillip II and Miguel León-Portilla’s The Broken Spears: the Aztec Account of the Conquest of Mexico. Las Casas wrote his account as an appeal to the Spanish king to reassess the situation and cease the conquests, while León-Portilla seeked to
It was not until Columbus returned on a second voyage that you find out the Spaniards real intentions when it came to domination of this new world. To further their conquests and destruction of the inhabitants of the new world discovery they sent Cortez and his ruthless army who destroyed great civilizations in the name of greed, which they Spanish thought of as
He talked about the brutal encounter between Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro and Inca emperor Atalhualla on November 16, 1532 at the Peruvian highland town of Cajamarca. Although the Incan army consisted of 80,000 soldiers while the Spanish only had 168 soldiers, Pizarro’s forces were easily able to decimate and imprison the Incas. Diamond thinks that the Spanish were stronger than the Incas because they were armed with steel swords, steel armor, and horses. Atalhuappa’s troops employed only quilted armor, slingshots, stone, bronze, and wooden clubs. The Spanish army obtained immense benefits from the use of horses in their triumphs.
The second reason why Spaniards were able to conquer the Indians is mainly all f the weapons they had. The weapons the Indians had compared to the Spaniards were nothing. The Spaniards fought with guns and cannons while the Indians fought with swords and spears. The third reason is simply
What started off as an attraction to the East, and not the West, led Europeans to discover the Americas. Europeans not only discovered the Americas, but they began to colonize the “New World” even though ancient Americans and their descendents were already living there for thousands of years. At this time, most native people were not able to defend themselves because Europeans were a lot more advanced than they were. European nations were indeed more advance, but the main reasons why they were so successful at colonizing the Americas in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries relies heavily on their desire to colonize, immunity from old world diseases, and a well-equipped military. During the sixteenth century, European nations had the desire
England soldiers were about 6000. The opponents were the French king, Charles VI and his solders. There were about 20000 soldiers in this group. It is said that it is unbelievable the England to win the French because they were just 6000 people. Henry V decided to do the same tactics as the Battle of Poitiers and the Battle of Crécy because they were smaller members than the French members.
Implying that they were not intelligent enough to create their own history until the Spaniards came along. It is very important to put these false accusations to rest and rather enlighten our youth with the incredible stories of the paleo-Indians journeys into the Americas 20,000 or so years ago, to describe the immense populations, as well as their successfully created governments and astonishing achievements. As modern technology continues to advance, historians,