dementia patients- these may have difficulties in recognising when to pass urine. * Urinary incontinence- may occur for 2 reasons; storage problems (failure to hold urine during bladder filling stage), or voiding problems (when the bladder does not completely empty- urethra is blocked or bladder contraction is poor). Two main causes of storage problems- stress incontinence or overactive bladder. Stress incontinence almost exclusively a woman’s problem- on exertion may leak urine. It occurs when sphincter muscles in the urethra are too weak to hold urine when there is a raised abdominal pressure.
Smoking has caused the cilia in the respiratory passages to become paralyzed and secrete excess amounts of mucus, macrophages are being sent to her lungs continuously and is getting stuck in the mucus instead of fighting off the pathogens. D. How would the resistance of Cari’s airways be affected by excess mucus and fluid in her lungs? Cari is having issues with getting adequate oxygen by the pressure of fluid and mucus buildup in her lungs by not allowing her lungs to fully expand to get the quality of breath her body needs. E. How would Cari’s lung compliance (the effort required to expand the lungs) be altered as her alveoli fill with fluid due to pneumonia? Cari would have to put forth more of an effort to get a full breath due to the fluid
Acid reflux can happen when the esophagus opens at the wrong time during digestion and the acid from the stomach hitting the esophagus causes a burning sensation. 2. Explain what happens in the large intestine to cause diarrhea or constipation. How does the function of the large intestine relate to another key resource? * When the large intestine doesn’t have enough water, it causes constipation.
o Moisture damage to the skin can be caused to the individual due to being unable to cope with or without aids or support. o There is an increased risk of infection. o Individual isolates self due to fear of unable to manage needs. o Cognitive deterioration due to dehydration. o Fearful of loss of dignity.
However, both women and men can become incontinent from neurologic injury, birth defects, stroke, multiple sclerosis, and physical problems associated with aging (NIH, 2007). Urinary incontinence is categorized into several different types of incontinence such as stress urinary incontinence (SUI) which is the “complain of involuntary leakage on effort or exertion, or on sneezing or coughing” (Gomelsky & Dmochowski, 2011). Urgency urinary incontinence (UUI) is the “complain of involuntary leakage accompanied or immediately preceded by urgency” (Gomelsky & Dmochowski, 2011). The third type is the mixed urinary incontinence (MUI) which is described as the “complain of involuntary leakage associated with urgency and also with effort, exertion, sneezing and coughing” (Gomelsky & Dmochowski, 2011). Another type of incontinence worth mentioning is the nocturnal
Sources of moisture on the skin from urine, stool, or perspiration can irritate the skin. Poor hygiene , not washing regularly or drying properly Poor nutrition and/or dehydration. Bed sores are more likely to form when the skin is not properly nourished. 1.4 Friction and shearing can occur when a patient or resident is pulled up in bed or in the chair. These
The Yeast Menace Other names for this are Candidosis, Yeast Infection, Monilia and Thrush. This is one of the most debilitating immune deficiency disorders today. There are lots of symptoms, the most common being bouts of thrush, cystitis and chronic tiredness. The patient could also suffer from inability to lose weight, depression, anxiety, allergies, diarrhea and constipation and many more. All Candida sufferers will be hypoglycaemic which gives sugar cravings and of course if they give into them, then they are feeding the yeast even more.
Failure to do so results in their immune system producing antibodies which attacks the lining of their bowel causing them to have abdominal pains, constipation/diarrhoea, bloating, difficulty in gaining weight in childhood or maintaining weight in adulthood and anaemia. Because it affects the way their body can absorb nutrients it can also lead to osteoporosis and increase their risk of bowel cancer. Some foods can be bought that are labelled ‘gluten free’ but tend to be more expensive. • Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) is the term used to describe a condition when on inspection of the bowel everything seems normal, but the person suffers with symptoms like abdominal pain, flatulence, bloating and constipation/diarrhoea. The person may want to keep a food diary to help discover which foods make their condition worse and avoid them in the future.
In the older adult they often have functional incontinence in which they “experience incontinence simply because a physical or mental impairment keeps them from making it to the toilet in time.”(2) When a patient has arthritis they might not be able to physically make it to the bathroom. A Parkinson patient might have the same problem but due to a mental illness instead. There are many issues that can arise as a result of incontinence. Urine is very irritating to the skin and can cause a lot of damage. According to the Mayo clinic “Urinary incontinence can lead to rashes, skin infections and sores (skin ulcers) from constantly wet skin.”(2) It can also lead to urinary tract infections that can show as confusion.