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Urban Gangs Essay

  • Submitted by: danielle4321
  • on June 15, 2012
  • Category: Social Issues
  • Length: 1,721 words

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Below is an essay on "Urban Gangs" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

Urban Gangs in the US
Danielle King
Everest University
Sociology
Individual Work Week 5
February 17, 2012

Abstract

    The FBI defines a gang as "a group of three or more individuals bonded together by race, national origin, culture, or territory, who associate on a continual basis for the purpose of committing criminal acts" (Parker, 2007, p. 1). Since the mid-20th century, gang violence in this country has become widespread—all 50 states and the District of Columbia report gang problems, and reports have increased for 5 of the past 7 years (EMT.org, 2010).
    Gang members generally come from economically and socially disadvantaged backgrounds where there is a breakdown in family and community cohesiveness. Youth see the gang as a way to fill the psychological, social, physical and economic needs that the family and community at large have failed to fill. Gangs provide friendship, security, a sense of purpose and identity, along with an opportunity to gain wealth (EMT.org, 2010).
    After more than a half-century of their continuous presence in some barrios (or neighborhoods) the Chicano gangs of Los Angeles have become an institution (Howell, 2010). It has become the normal way of life for many of the residents of Los Angeles. In order to prevent youth from joining gangs, communities must strengthen families and schools, improve community supervision, train teachers and parents to manage disruptive youth, and teach students interpersonal skills (Howell, 2010).

What are the functions that gangs fulfill (the needs they meet)?

    The FBI defines a gang as "a group of three or more individuals bonded together by race, national origin, culture, or territory, who associate on a continual basis for the purpose of committing criminal acts"   [ (Parker, 2007, p. 1) ]. Since the mid-20th century, gang violence in this country has become widespread—all 50 states and the District of Columbia report gang problems, and reports have increased for 5 of...

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