These big ideas can be categorized under social thinking, social influence, or social relations. The idea that we construct our social reality falls under social thinking, it describes the natural human urge to explain behavior, by attempting to attribute it to a cause, in order to make it seem orderly, predictable, and controllable (Myers, 2010). According to social psychology our social intuitions are powerful and sometimes perilous, suggesting that the human ability to understand something immediately, molds or influences behavior because it also shapes fears, attitudes, impressions, and relationships (Myers, 2010). It is also believed that social influences shape behavior as does behavior shape social influences. Myers (2010) provides an example as to how behavior is shaped by social influences making humans social creatures, “We speak and think in words we learned from others (Social psychology, p. 7).
My knowledge of child development is helping me doing observations and assessments. I am able to affectively plan for the individual child and their needs by adapting activities promoting their social, emotional, physical and intellectual development. Children need to be challenged, if the work they are given is too easy they will become bored. I am aware the way I model myself could also the children’s behaviour and development. If I were to shout or be bad tempered this could then make me unapproachable to the children.
Where necessary I adapt my style of communication and use appropriate communication systems that meet the child’s needs and abilities. Children of a young age will have different levels of requirements and attention that that of an older child. When children start in our Reception classes they need lots of support and reassurance in order for them to adjust to the school environment and develop their independence. When communicating with younger children
1.3 Describe ways to ensure that personal attitudes or beliefs do not obstruct the quality of work Everyone has attitudes and beliefs that they value. Many of these are instilled in us from a very young age. The way we are raised and the behaviours we are shown whilst growing up and developing will have a strong influence on the attitudes and opinions we are likely to form. What a child thinks is morally acceptable is most likely to be adopted from their parents and other family members. For example if a child grows up around a lot of violence they may consider that violence is acceptable form of behaviour when dealing with difficult situations.
Sociocultural: Studying how people act, react and are influenced by social stigmas. How they respond to images of a social nature. Part II: Research Methods Describe research methods used in psychology by completing the following table. Then, select two of the research methods, and compare and contrast them. Your response must be at least 75 words.
Conformity Essay From the moment we are born we enter a society where it is the norm to conform and obey. From a very young age we learn that if we do not obey then we will suffer the consequences for these actions. People within society have a desire to be accepted and to belong; whether to a group or a family this social influence can change our thoughts, feeling and even our behaviour. So can we truly be an individual or are we pre-defined by a set of social boundaries? As much as we like to think of ourselves as individuals, the fact is that we're determined to fit in, and that frequently means going with the flow.
The Social Learning Theory that is being used as a basis for this new policy is centered on the view that people learn bad or aggressive behaviors by witnessing other people who act aggressively in order to reach a particular goal or reward. While many social learning theorists understand that a person’s mental and physical characteristics can influence how violent they may be, it is believed that the environment they live in and what they witness or are subjected to in the home is a key factor behind their behavior. (Siegel, 2008). There is also the need to ensure that the child in question is not subjected to any more harmful or dangerous behavior by the adults in the home. Many studies show that the dangers of child abuse spread beyond harming the victim.
Outline and evaluate one or more social psychological theories of aggression? The social learning theory suggests that children learn aggressive behaviour from other significant individuals acting aggressively. A way in which children learn is called vicarious reinforcement and it’s when someone is rewarded for being aggressive. As a result they also act aggressively when reward follows however they will also learn not to act aggressively when punishment will be a consequence of their actions. In order for social learning to take place, the child must form a metal representation of the behaviour he/she observed.
These professionals can be a useful source of advice and guidance for other adults working with the children and young people, in order to help them to develop to their full potential. 10:2.2. Explain how children and young people’s development is influenced by a range of external factors.Family Background and Environment:Cultural backgrounds can influence children’s development for example in some cultures boys and girls are treated very differently. Family circumstances can impact on children’s learning if children are treated differently and the parents have different expectations of a child, this can have a detrimental effect on the child’s social and emotional development.Family break-ups
Social learning theory is about behavior that is learned from the environment through observational learning which could not occur unless cognitive processes are at work. This theory suggests that "humans are active information processors and think about the relationship between their behavior and its consequences". Since this focus group consisted of parents with children, this theory was appropriate to utilize. Generally, children observe the people around them that are behaving in different ways and perceive them as models. Those influential models include parents within the family, TV characters/commercials , friends, and school teachers which provide examples of behavior.