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3622 WordsMar 26, 201215 Pages
Digital Image Basics Written by Jonathan Sachs Copyright © 1996-1999 Digital Light & Color Introduction When using digital equipment to capture, store, modify and view photographic images, they must first be converted to a set of numbers in a process called digitization or scanning. Computers are very good at storing and manipulating numbers, so once your image has been digitized you can use your computer to archive, examine, alter, display, transmit, or print your photographs in an incredible variety of ways. Pixels and Bitmaps Digital images are composed of pixels (short for picture elements). Each pixel represents the color (or gray level for black and white photos) at a single point in the image, so a pixel is like a tiny dot of a particular color. By measuring the color of an image at a large number of points, we can create a digital approximation of the image from which a copy of the original can be reconstructed. Pixels are a little like grain particles in a conventional photographic image, but arranged in a regular pattern of rows and columns and store information somewhat differently. A digital image is a rectangular array of pixels sometimes called a bitmap. Digital Image Basics 1 Digital Image Basics Types of Digital Images For photographic purposes, there are two important types of digital images—color and black and white. Color images are made up of colored pixels while black and white images are made of pixels in different shades of gray. Black and White Images A black and white image is made up of pixels each of which holds a single number corresponding to the gray level of the image at a particular location. These gray levels span the full range from black to white in a series of very fine steps, normally 256 different grays. Since the eye can barely distinguish about 200 different gray levels, this is

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