This was shown in William Labov’s study of the language of black American pupils. He used a relaxed and informal style, by sitting on the floor and allowing the child to have a friend, and found that the children opened up and spoke more freely. Pupils from pro-school subcultures, who normally come from middle class backgrounds will be more likely to speak to the interviewer. As there are no set questions, there is more opportunity for the pupils to speak about what they think is important. Interpretivists favour this method, as they can get more detailed answers from the pupils.
Gillham 2000 said that interview is a conversation which aims to find answers to particular questions. It involves a discussion between two or more people where one plays the role of an interviewer and the other being the interviewee. It is a qualitative method of research which generally produces rich data. It may also take the quantitative approach. He also believed that different interviews are used for different purposes.
Examine the reasons why some sociologists choose to use structured interviews when conducting research (20 marks) Sociologists use different types of interviews in their research, these ranging from completely structures to completely unstructured interviews. The difference between them lies in how free the interviewer is to vary the questions and how they are asked. A structured interview involves one person asking another person a list of predetermined questions about a carefully-selected topic. The person asking the questions ("the interviewer") is allowed to explain things the interviewee (or "respondent" - the person responding to the questions) does not understand or finds confusing. Moreover structured interviews are like questionnaires; the interviewer is given strict instructions on how to ask the questions.
The interview is a fairly flexible tool that can be applied in different ways in the study of different social groups and issues. Interpretivist sociologists who use informal interviews because of the greater validity of the data they create. This results from the more open-ended style of interviewing involved.The greater trust created may allow research into sensitive subjects, generating more honest responses. Respondents are given the opportunity to reply in their own words, expressing their feelings and attitudes in ways which are meaningful to them, rather than being forced to use the researcher’s categories. The validity of the data also increases through the flexibility of informal interviewing, leads can be followed up and the respondent can take the interview in the direction they want.
Rodriguez felt safe in his Spanish speaking home because it was familiar to him. English seemed odd and difficult for Richard until a few of Richard’s teachers visited his house. They asked Richard’s parents to encourage the use of English, by using it more themselves. As Richard began to hear English more and more, "the high, troubling sounds of los gringos" became unnoticeable to him. Learning English helped Richard to achieve many things.
Interviews in sociological research are generally used as a means of gaining information regarding people’s way of thinking about certain things, their insights, and ideals. They also attempt to focus greatly on life experiences. There are several types of interviews used in sociological research; structured, semi-structured, and the unstructured interview. In a structured interview, there are predetermined questions asked of the person being interviewed, the respondent is asked the same set of questions in the same order, and there is usually a set choice of possible answers. The semi-structured interview allows some room for closed and open-ended questions giving the interviewer the chance to make some changes in the questioning format and order, and adding questions as they go along depending on the responses received.
This approach makes it easier to acquire candid facts from participants without preplanned questions or theoretical views. The central phenomenon is distinctly declared in the research question. The research framework was related to the research question and the type of information desired (Houser, 2015). The interview allows participants the chance to explain their experiences and views. This method evaluated the participant’s perception of his or her
Unit 203 Communication and Professional Relationships with children, young people and adults Outcome 1 Know how to interact with and respond to children and young people 1.1 I would establish a respectable and professional relationship with a child when talking to them by using a tone of voice which will not come across as aggressive or intimidating to the child. I would lower myself to their level so as not to appear to be towering over them. I would speak clearly and slowly to the child and listen to them when they speak back to me. I would show that the child has my full attention by maintaining eye contact and nodding/smiling in response to what they have to say. 1.2 If I was dealing with key stage 1 children I would ensure that I speak at their level so that they know they have my attention, I would smile and nod in response to them so as to reassure them, ensuring that they fully understood what we had spoken about by asking them questions.
In my opinion I think that people especially kids have become to comfortable using the word, most kids have no filter and feel that it is okay to use the word not realizing that some people, especially black people still find the word offensive. In the 60 Minutes segment, the only black kid in a class of all white students found himself feeling uncomfortable in class while his teacher repeated the word nigger during class. Author David Bradley believes that white people do not have the right to use the word nigger that being able to use the word nigger means you have to be able to accept everything that goes with it. He says that all the good stuff that goes along with being able to use the word is “having the awareness that your people have overcome centuries of oppression”. When the interviewer says that the word is hurtful Bradley replies by saying, “the word is not hurtful but how it is used and the person who is saying it is hurtful”.
Small talk results on the participants shows that the adult learners best touched with the treatment in fluency, accuracy, and complexity and young learners benefit most in fluency, little in accuracy and almost nothing in complexity . The control group appeared without any change. Introduction Every person is interested in speaking about surroundings and the environment around and especially to answer a simple question that is leaded to a warm greeting and a conversation in which two or more persons get familiar with each other. Small talk is an easy key to start a conversation that is of interest of the both sides whereas it's a real context practice which prompting motivation and extends to broader contexts. With the aim that language is taught for communication purpose in the institutes, small talk can play an important role in provoking speaking and simultaneously both fluency and accuracy in learners.