Interviews are face to face conversations typically involving sets of questions. There are two main types of interviews; structured and unstructured. However, in addition there are other types of interviews such as semi-structured and group interviews. Structured interviews are very much like questionnaires in that they involve asking people a set of fixed questions, usually involving pre-coded answers, therefore producing largely quantitative data. However the main difference is that structured interviews involved social interaction between the interviewer and the interviewee, whereas questionnaires have no involvement with the researcher.
His studies relied on participant observation and interview methods (Wayne, 2010) and focused on observable everyday behavior. He questioned the definition of community and asserted that it is more than a definition. Community means more complex interactions and relationships (Charles, 2010). He proposed that since society is composed of interactions among individuals, face-to-face interaction needs to be focused in interaction research (Rawls, 1987). He explained social action by face-to-face interactions in contrast with determinist patterns.
Also this can rule out fluke answers which can be ignored. This is then why sociologists like to use questionnaires when conducting research. Questionnaires pose fewer ethical issues than other research methods. With questionnaires some intrusive questions may be asked but it is under the respondent’s choice whether they want to answer that specific question or not. There should be guaranteed anomity so they know that anything that is answered will not be brought back to them as the questionnaire is anonymous.
• Questions may be interpreted by respondents in ways the researcher did not foresee or intend. In relation to question: Advantages: - Teachers much less likely to disguise their true feelings in order to protect their professional image (Item B). - Anonymity in this kind of research is important because of the sensitiveness of the topic, questionnaires allow this. - Quick and easy, people do not have to put in much effort or allow someone to ‘get to know them’ at a more personal level, thus more people are likely to take part in the research, increasing the overall reliability. Disadvantages - The data collected is not qualitative, whereas the issue at hand really needs a qualitative response.
The benefits of collaborative learning have been established for face-to-face teams, the impact of distance and time on virtual team roles, functions, and processes have received little attention. Working in a virtual team is unique because of the physical separation of the group, yet little is understood about how distance and time affects their ability to make plans, communicate, and work to accomplish team goals. Some of the challenges of collated teams facing team members or leaders are Less time to think about the message, Synchronous and Expensive. Less time to think about the message. Face-to-face communication also means real time communication.
Summary In his essay “Hidden Intellectualism” Gerald Graff argues that there are different forms intellectualism, not just the traditional academic intellectualism. Graff argues that these hidden forms of intellectualism are not expressed in what is considered the correct scholarly way, but rather they are “hidden” in our everyday conversations about sports, fashion, pop-stars, etc. Graff feels that as a child you can gain just as much from arguing over non-academic material than you could from debates on academic issues. He supports this by saying that arguing of minimal things requires just as much intellectual ability as debating over more theoretical issues. Graff goes on to further state that because of this every street-smart student has the possibility of being an intellectual.
The author says punctuality and efficiency is valued. People from a polychromic culture have a different view and being on time is not as important. Their meetings can start late and have many things happening at the same time. People from this culture feel many things are combined such as work,
In psychology, idiographic describes the study of the individual, who is seen as an entity, with properties setting him/her apart from other individuals (see idiographic image). Nomothetic is more the study of a cohort of individuals. Here the subject is seen as representing a class or population and their corresponding personality traits and behaviours. The terms idiographic and nomothetic were introduced to American psychology by Gordon Allport in 1937, who borrowed them from the German philosopher Wilhelm Windelband. In sociology, the nomothetic model tries to find independent variables that account for the variations in a given phenomenon (e.g.
This part of the essay will more focus on the approaches of politeness. The approches is divided into two views, the social norm view and the pragmatic view of politeness. First, social norms are unplanned and has unexpected result of individuals' interactions. It has been argued (Bicchieri 2006) that social norms ought to be understood as a kind of grammar of social interactions. Social norms can be formally such through sanctions or informally such through body language and non-verbal communication.
When a person desires to communicate, many problems are averted. There are more languages than spoken ones. One type of language that we often use unknowingly is body language. Body language is a form of communication that requires no writing or sound to get across things that you think and feel, but it actually accounts for more than 60% of interpretative language. People may be totally unaware of the fact that they are communicating a feeling or an idea without actually saying it.