Since the low class poor people are not usually educated, they often easily “pushed” into the crimes by the high class people. Usually the upper class people are invisible and at the end the poor is the ones who get blamed. Certainly the rich benefit more than the poor. That has always and will always be the case in every society the world has known. Very often the rich push the poor by removing workers rights, by limiting corporate liability, by instigating war.
Many people living in poverty are divorced, are single parents, or have unhappy marriages. They tend to have higher rates of dropping out of school, arrest, and mental disorders. Because of limited access to health care, they are more likely to suffer from poor physical health than are people considered middle class or above. Many sociologists have written about the problem of poverty and a great deal of their writings focus on the idea of an American underclass. This underclass is thought to be caught in a cycle of poverty
Limitations on Education Social stigmatism has an effect on the choices we make and the way we live our lives. For example, in the black community a high level of education, or speaking in a “white” fashion is something that people can get made fun of for. The high level of poverty in the African-American population in America isn’t solely due to social stigmatism, however. The choices each individual makes will also influence the outcome of their lives. To put it simply, there are two main type of effects on the poverty levels in the black community: structural and behavioral.
It was believed that poverty was the individuals own fault, due to their own personal defects and moral failures. The poor were treated like inferior criminals. There crime being poverty. Norman Pearson who was voice on the topic at this time believed poor people living in poverty were “seldom capable of reform”, they tended to be “made of inferior materials… and cannot be improved” and the poor should be prevented from breading as the poor were poor “in their blood and their bones”. People became concerned about the percentage of the poor living in poverty and the extent of poverty in which they were living.
Apart from the main direct cause like unemployment, poverty in our society today is the low paid, lone parents and children. However poverty can have a great impact on a child’s life. The people as well as the children who are poor could suffer greatly from problems such as social exclusion, employment, education, mental and physical health and social interaction. This is one fact why child poverty is a direct result of adult poverty, however unlike an adult, experiencing poverty as a child can have lifelong consequences in the future lifespan if they are not helped early age. Poverty is measured in two ways, namely absolute and relative poverty.
In our society it is assumed we are all treated equally, but in fact many times this is not true. Minority individuals have a disadvantage in the criminal justice system because of the lack of money, and effective resources. This is very damaging to society and may be a root cause for so many disparity issues today. Factors of Racial Disparity Society cannot be run for the privileged and allow a substantial proportion of the population to be an allowance beyond what is needed. This impacts the quality of life for all of us if we have to “throw away people.”A justice system that tolerates injustice is doomed to collapse (The Sentencing Project, 2000).
Due to the wide disparity between the rich and the poor, people who are working as lower class e.g. cleaners, security guards may not earn enough to satisfy their basic needs, while people who are working as higher class e.g. professionals are having their luxurious life. In the view of this phenomenon, minimum wage is introduced to narrow the wealth gap between the rich and poor. However, there are many controversies over the implementation of minimum wage claimed by the economist, especially on the effect of unemployment.
In “What is Poverty?” Theodore Dalrymple argues that poverty has been redefined. In traditional poverty, poor people’s income levels are low, they are starving, or the medical care is not enough. However, this kind of poverty does not exist in industrial countries like England because of the welfare state. The welfare state redistributes wealth, provides free medical care and free houses for the poor. According to the author, this causes moral poverty.
Some examples of such would be, illegally lobbying or bribing government leaders to gain passage of certain laws, or tax codes. Another form of class conflict may include, a lock out aimed at destroying a labor union, and this is called “open conflict”, or “hidden conflict”, which could be a slowdown in production protesting the wages being paid. According to Karl Marx however, class conflict and struggle are inevitable dissentions that occur because of the economic organization of most societies (Johnson, 2000). Marx also believed that class is defined by the ownership of property and such ownership vests a person with the power to exclude others from the property and to use it for personal purposes. In relation to property, there are three classes of society, they include, the bourgeoisie or the people who own the means of production such as factory and machinery buildings, and whose income is profit, landowners whose income is rent, and the proletariat who own their labor and sell it for a wage.
Institutional racism ensures that people of different races receive different treatment and opportunities in public services within the society and it also denied other things such as benefits, rewards that other individual might be entitle to in normal cases. People in powerful positions can use their race based stereotypes and conditioned behaviour to develop procedures and practices that put some racial groups at a disadvantage (Parekh, 2000) Institutional racism in the labor market is seen by the way companies, organizations and public institutions offer services, hire, promote and treat people of races to be considered inferior. Companies and organizations in the UK have proved that race plays a vital role in the provision of services to the public (Bloch, 2010). Culture, colour, and ethnic background remain a very fundamental factor in treatment of different people in the society. Focusing on the main essay,One institution that has remained controversial in offering services to the public is the police (Young and Mooney, 1999).