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The United States And The International Criminal Court Essay

  • Submitted by: T3h_M4n
  • on September 16, 2008
  • Category: Miscellaneous
  • Length: 1,637 words

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Below is an essay on "The United States And The International Criminal Court" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

As nations become ever more intertwined in the affairs of every other nation through forums such as the United Nations, the notion of international law is an issue encompassing all countries. The enforcement and interpretation of international law is a quintessential part of the establishment of such measures. Ratified by over 100 countries, the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court outlines the nature and composition of a court higher than national institutions; one that mitigates between nations, decides on international matters, and tries the worst violators of human rights. The United States has refused to ratify the Rome Statute and recognize the International Criminal Court and has urged citizens under criticism from court representatives to await decisions made exclusively by and in the United States and U.S. courts. To promote worldwide equality under one basis for law, open international criminal responsibility to all countries, and create further progress for world peace, the United States should ratify the Statute and join the ICC.
In 1948, the Declaration of Human Rights was written and accepted by the general assembly of the United Nations. Fifty years later, the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court was issued, awaiting sixty state party signatures for it to be put into force. Effectively, it is an extension of the United Nations and its parameters are largely based on the Declaration of Human Rights and the U.N. Charter. On April eleventh, 2002, ten nations simultaneously ratified the statute and became State Parties to the ICC. Each was given the designation of the sixtieth Party. Over the course of the next year, the Prosecutor, Presidency, Judiciary, and Registry were elected and established. The Court took holdings in The Hague, Netherlands. The Presidency, Judiciary, and Prosecutor were elected with one vote from each state party. Each of the 18 judged were elected, and then approved the elections of the President, first...

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