Assignment 2.1: Policemen of the World Thesis and Outline Professor Alan Rogers HIS 105: Contemporary U.S. History 23 November 2014 Since achieving liberation from the British in 1776, foreign strategies utilized by the United States (U.S.) throughout the years have proceeded from expansionist to isolationism to preserving democracy (wherever it seems to take us). With the self assigned task of preserving democratic autonomies for those who are unable to stand up for their rights and freedoms, the U.S. has in my opinion taken on the role of “policeman of the world.” I. Determine two to three international events from the past five years that can be traced back to a foreign policy created after the Civil War. A. Issues Regarding Guantánamo Bay
During the 1950’s and 1960’s the Soviet Unions satellite states established the Brezhnev doctrine. The Brezhnev Doctrine was established because of the Soviet Union’s ability to maintain such governmental control over Eastern Europe. An intervention of such domestic affairs with military power provided the Soviet Union a unique Political power. Surprisingly by the 1970’s the Soviet Union and the United States of Americas formed a treaty agreement to reduce the nuclear missiles both possessed. Nuclear missiles were the reasons such turmoil was established between the Soviet Union and other nations.
Woodrow Wilson War Message to Congress The document under-scrutiny is an excerpt from a speech delivered by the President of the United States, Woodrow Wilson to Congress on April 2, 1917. Until 1917 the United States had remained neutral in the conflict which opposed the European leaders. At the very beginning of the month of April 1917, Wilson called the Congress into an extraordinary session in order to ask for a declaration of war against Germany, following the intensification of the submarine warfare between the USA and Germany who threatened the American business with Europe (or more precisely the Entente, composed of France and Great Britain, joined by Russia) Four days later, on April 6, 1917, Congress overwhelmingly passed the War Resolution took by Wilson which brought the U.S into the Great War. This decision may seem surprising when we figure out that Wilson has been elected president for the second time in 1916 for four years with the slogan “he kept us out of war” as he was known for wanting to avoid the conflict at all cost with his strict neutrality program since he is an advocate for democracy and world peace. So we may wonder whether Wilson managed to create a balance between the preservation of the interests of the United States and the creation of the peace conditions in the world.
What situation did this proclamation address? What agency advises the President on foreign policy today? What is the role of this agency? George Washington Proclamation of Neutrality was issued during the conflicts between France and Great Britain. The Department of State advises the president on foreign policies.
In order to fight the Cold War, President Harry S Truman oversaw a revolution in American foreign policy. Characterized by policies and institutions such as the Truman Doctrine, the Marshall Plan, NATO, and the Berlin airlift, the strategy of containment redefined liberal internationalism and involved the United States in the world as never before. Despite such programs, however, the Communists made gains in atomic weapons, propaganda, Europe, and China in the late 1940s. In 1950, NSC 68 — primarily and theoretically — and Korea secondarily and practically — confirmed for Truman what he already believed: In the end, the Cold War would be won or lost on moral grounds. But he could not turn to the United Nations for moral authority, since
The iron curtain was a dividing line between Eastern Europe and Western Europe. Eastern Europe fell under control of the Soviet Union and took on a communist system. Document 2 states, “I believe it must be the policy of the United States to support free people who are resisting subjugation [domination] by armed minorities or by outside pressure. Should we fail..the effect will be far reaching to the West.” President Truman delivered a speech to Congress proposing $400 million to
3. The Marshall Plan was established to help European economic recovery; the Truman Doctrine was meant to ward off communist subversion with military aid. 4. The Soviet blockade of Berlin led to a successful Allied airlift. 5.
Canada established its role as a leader in peacekeeping in 1956 during the Suez Crisis, an international conflict triggered when the Egyptian government seized control of the Suez Canal from the United Kingdom and France. Lester Bowles Pearson, then Canada’s prime minister, proposed sending an emergency UN force to keep peace in the area until a settlement could be established. In the following years, Canada’s peacekeeping role expanded to other
NATO, or North Atlantic Treaty Organisation, was established on April 4th, 1949 by the representatives of 12 countries: Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherland, Norway, Portugal, Great Britain, and the United States of America. Greece and Turkey joined in 1952; the Federal Republic of Germany in 1955; Spain in 1982, By March 12, 1999, Hungry, Poland and the Chez Republic joined NATO and the number of countries in the Treaty reached 19. The Treaty of the Northern Atlantic Alliance, signed in Washington, on April 4, 1949, provided for mutual protection and collective security, initially against the threat of aggression on the part of the Soviet Union. It was the first alliance of post-war time created
Practical Relevance for the member states and their citizens and examples of the powers of OAS The practical relevance and importance of the OAS can be divided into two periods of analysis: Its relevance during the cold war and post-cold war. The Organization of American States was officially created in the early stages of the cold war, while the world was dividing itself into two different poles of economic and political systems; Communism and Capitalism. The organization’s main purpose upon its creation was that of “cooperation and solidarity” between the American states. Its real practical purpose during the cold war, however, was the protection of the states of the American continents against the expansion of the communist ideology. The organization could, through USA’s leadership and support, foment cooperation and proximity between the States, so as to prevent the uprising of communist movements which could threaten the position of the United States as a regional